Paracetamol for children - to save the child from the heat and pain
All mothers know that if a child's temperature rises, the most effective and safe drug is a children's acetaminophen.Some prefer foreign analogues of the drug, which are more expensive (efferalgan, kalpol and so on), but significant differences between them and domestic paracetamol does not.
How does a children's paracetamol
Children Paracetamol has analgesic and antipyretic effect by acting on pain centers and thermoregulation in the brain.The anti-inflammatory effect in a little, since he is inflamed tissues destroyed by special enzymes - cell peroxidases.That is why the paracetamol at the time was separated from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and today it is called a non-narcotic analgesic agent.Unlike NSAIDs, he also has no negative effect on the gastric mucosa, than favorably differs from them.
Children's paracetamol various pharmaceutical firms is available in the form of suspensions for oral, rectal suppositories and syrup tsefikon.
ingestion maximum concentration in blood is reached after 30-90 minutes.An effective therapeutic dose of paracetamol is 10-15 mg per kg body weight of the child, but it is mainly applied dosage of 10 mg per kg body weight.Paracetamol is displayed throughout the day with urine mainly as metabolites (products of metabolism), and only a small portion - unchanged.
Indications and contraindications for the appointment of paracetamol for children
Paracetamol administered to children primarily as a febrifuge.This practical doctors know what is best reduced by paracetamol temperature caused by seasonal viral diseases - acute respiratory viral infections and flu.If a viral infection begins bacterial complications, the lower the temperature How to bring down the temperature in the home - a variety of methods paracetamol is much more difficult and it should be a signal to parents that they need to see a doctor.Will paracetamol and if the temperature rose after vaccination.
Paracetamol can be given to your child if he has bad headache Why do I so often have a headache?- Look for the cause in itself or tooth had pains in muscles and joints, or pain caused by trauma.But, in any case should not be given paracetamol for pain in the abdomen - it can "lubricate" the picture of such dangerous diseases such as acute appendicitis, leading to serious complications.
After receiving paracetamol definitely need to see a doctor to find out why the child has fever or pain appeared.
Contraindications Paracetamol are significant violations of liver and kidney function, blood disorders (paracetamol inhibits the synthesis of all cellular elements of the blood), congenital deficiency of certain enzymes (eg, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase), the neonatal period (up to a month of life).Independently mother can not take a decision on the appointment of paracetamol a child up to three months - the feasibility of such an appointment is determined by a doctor.
wary paracetamol administered to children with diabetes mellitus - threatening and incurable disease , with mild dysfunction of the liver and kidneys.
How to take children paracetamol
Children Paracetamol is available in a suspension, in which 5 ml (corresponding to a teaspoon) contains 120 mg of the drug.Before use, the suspension should be carefully shaken.A single dose of paracetamol suspension is 10-15 mg per kg of body weight of the child.Average age dose of paracetamol:
- from one month to three - assigned only pediatrician;
- from three months to a year - 2.5-5 ml (half or full teaspoon) - 60-120 mg - from one year to six years - 5-10 ml (one to two teaspoons) - 120-240mg;
- from 6 to 14 years - 10-20 ml (two to four teaspoons) - 240-480 mg.
long-term use of paracetamol should not be - it is symptomatic treatment, which is used in case of emergency.As antipyretic it is recommended to give no more than three days in a row, as an anesthetic - not more than five.
Side effects of child paracetamol overdose and
Side effects when taking acetaminophen may manifest as nausea, vomiting, allergic reactions.May develop changes in the blood - decrease in the number of white blood cells, including granulosa (it reduces the immune system and makes the child vulnerable to infection), platelets (the threat of bleeding), and sometimes all of the blood cells.Prolonged use of paracetamol in large doses, it can have toxic effects on the liver and kidneys, cause various types of anemia.
case of overdose of paracetamol a child appears marked pallor, nausea, vomiting, possible liver toxicity, which manifests itself in a few days after ingestion.
case of overdose should immediately call an ambulance, but before her arrival the child wash stomach (no later than four hours after ingestion of paracetamol) and give the drink a few pounded tablets of activated charcoal Activated carbon - old but indispensable inwater.
Still better if the child paracetamol will appoint a doctor.