Helminthiases play a role in diseases of children.The child may be infected with worms in the sandbox, talking to other children or adults - helminthisms carriers and so on.Against the background of helminthiasis in children can develop a variety of chronic diseases, including allergic.
What worm infestations are most often found in children
most commonly found in children roundworm or nematode - roundworm, pinworm, whipworm, hookworm, American hookworm.From the round worms often take up residence in the body of the child pinworm and roundworm.
enterobiasis Pinworms cause that is no less common disease among children than runny.Pinworms - a very small worms, the length of which does not exceed a centimeter.Pinworms live in the rectum, laying their eggs in the anal area.You can become infected with pinworms through dirty hands, contaminated household items and so on - in this way pinworm eggs get into the intestine, where they appear worms Worms - how dangerous they are? .Life expectancy of pinworms - about six weeks, after which they die.
But enterobiasis deceit that is constantly happening autoinfection these parasites: intense itching makes the child scratch the anal area, the eggs to fall into his arms, under the fingernails, and then swallowed again.Pinworms can be cured completely and without drugs, if carefully follow the child, but it does not always work, and pinworms may contribute to sensitization (sensitization) of the body and be the basis of various inflammatory and allergic processes.
Ascaris - as roundworms, but they are much longer than pinworms can form tangles in the intestines and cause of his obstruction.Ascaris is very dangerous because moving against the movement of stool can get into the upper gastrointestinal tract, and even in the respiratory tract.Just like pinworms, they can become the basis for many infectious and allergic processes in the body of the child.
and pinworm and roundworm, it is necessary to remove from the body of the child, now for this purpose produced many effective anthelmintic drugs.
But more often the drug of choice for treatment of ascariasis is enterobiasis and pyrantel that actively removes helminths and thus does not have toxic properties.
pyrantel How does the body of the child
Pyrantel for children is available in a special dosage form of a suspension.The suspension has a pleasant taste and a child swallows it easily.Once in the gut, a suspension of pyrantel operates mainly locally, paralyzing neuromuscular apparatus worms.Immobilized worms yourself removed from the body with feces.No advance preparation for the treatment of pyrantel do not need to spend, after his admission and do not need to take laxatives.
How to give your child pyrantel and contraindications for its reception
Prirantel child may be given only on prescription.When enterobioze ascariasis and pyrantel given a one-off.However, in order to avoid re-infection can give a slurry again with the same dose three weeks later.In
pyrantel vial contained 15 ml of the suspension is attached to the bottle scoop 5ml (in which there is also a mark corresponding to 2.5 ml).Each ml contains 50 mg pyrantel, one scoop - 250 mg.
children aged from 6 months to two years prescribed 125 mg (half-measuring spoon or 2.5 ml) per day;from two to six years - 250 mg (1 scoop or 5 ml);from 6 to 12 - 500 mg (2 scoops or 10 ml).After 12 years of pyrantel administered just like adults if the child's body weight less than 75 kg, then 750 mg (3 scoops or 15 mL), and weighs more than 75 mg - 1000 mg (4 scoops or 20 ml).
contraindication for appointment pyrantel child is only hypersensitivity to the drug.
wary pyrantel is indicated for hepatic dysfunction and children first six months of life.
Can pyrantel give any side effects
pyrantel usually well tolerated children.But sometimes side effects do occur:
- from the gastrointestinal tract may occur violation of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
- of the liver - increase in liver enzymes, which indicates a transient abnormal liver function;
- of the central nervous system - headache Headache: causes and complications , dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet , violation of sleep and sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams , sleepiness during the day, a variety of sensory disturbances (areas of numbness on the skin, crawling "chills" in the skin, and so on), hallucinations, confusion;
- may occur as transient hearing loss, fever, allergic reactions.
Pyrantel in the suspension will help to save the child from worms.