various eating disorders are more common in children.They can be accompanied by both a decrease and an increase in the weight of the child.And, both threatened violation of metabolic processes in the body of the child, so it can not affect his growth and development.Preventing such violations - proper nutrition and child care.
dystrophy in children it causes and types
dystrophy in children - a condition characterized by various forms of eating disorders.This violates not only the function of the digestive system, but also the absorption of nutrients tissues and cells, metabolism improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting and functioning of the organism, its growth and development.Features a child's body metabolism create conditions for the emergence of degenerative conditions in early childhood under the influence of even weak harmful chemicals.
Dystrophy divided into malnutrition underweight (malnutrition), with a lag in growth, but with normal weight (gipostatury) and o
dystrophy occurs in children are important both external and internal factors.The external factors include underfeeding, impaired quality of food composition, a variety of infectious diseases, toxic factors (eg, constant smoking in the room where the child), as well as errors in the care of the child (violation of hygienic regime, the absence of established regime of the day, and so on).
Among the internal causes that can cause dystrophy in children, are important features of the hereditary structure of the nervous and endocrine systems, metabolism, as well as malformations of various organs andsystems.
Under the influence of these factors violated the regulatory activity of the central nervous system that affects the function of the gastrointestinal tract (impaired absorption of proteins, fats and vitamins), disrupted the process of the formation of enzymes (substances that are many times of accelerating metabolism), change processes of assimilationnutrient tissues and cells of the body.As a result of developing an eating disorder and all kinds of exchange.The body to sustain life uses proteins, fats and carbohydrates's own tissue, which leads to malnutrition.
How is malnutrition in children
main manifestations of malnutrition (low weight degeneration) in children are loss of height and body weight, decreased immunity, disorders of the chair and developmental delay.
In most cases, the body weight of the child with malnutrition dropped, however, and it may increase (with water retention in the body).The degree of reduction in body weight can vary, up to a sharp lag.Children sluggish, lethargic reaction to their surroundings is reduced.A disposition to infections: purulent processes in the skin, acute respiratory infections, bronchitis, and lung.Develop symptoms of vitamin deficiency varies stool frequency (diarrhea or constipation), appearance (color, texture, smell) and the composition of feces.
difficult runs malnutrition, which began during the intrauterine development of the child -natal development of the child: week after week .They are divided into four forms:
- neuropathic - with increased excitability of the child, sleep disorders;manifestation of malnutrition is not too pronounced, but have persistent nature;
- neurodystrophic - with a persistent lag in weight, a sharp decrease in appetite;lag in the psychological development of a minor;
- neuroendocrine - with a persistent lag in weight and height, up to dwarfism;sometimes revealed signs of dysfunction of the endocrine glands;psychomotor development lags behind;
- encephalopathy - the heaviest, which manifests itself by a sharp reduction in weight and neurodevelopmental disability.
Treatment of malnutrition - is the gradual introduction of a sufficient amount of food on the content of the main components corresponding to the child's age, it is a clear regulation of the regime of the day, including walks in the fresh air.From medicines prescribed drugs that improve metabolism and increase appetite.Be sure to designate courses of massage and therapeutic exercises.
Paratrofii - dystrophy is accompanied by excessive body weight of the child.This happens most often due to overfeeding and poor nutrition - the predominance of carbohydrates in the diet of the child (eg, cereals) to the detriment of proteins and fats.Carbohydrates are only partially to energy for the life of the body, the rest are processed into oil.In the intestine, causing a large amount of carbohydrate fermentation with the release of large amounts of gases.
As a result, the child appears overweight body, diarrhea, bloating, Moderate morning sickness due to absorption into the bloodstream from the intestine of the decay products of carbohydrates.Protein deficiency leads to anemia and reduced immunity, so, frequent colds.Children paratrofiki inactive, their skin pale, muscular system is not sufficiently developed, they often develop symptoms of rickets.Danger paratrofii in the fact that the child has formed an increased number of fat cells, which may affect later in adolescence: these children are likely to develop a variety of endocrine diseases.
paratrofii Treatment includes the appointment of proper nutrition Proper nutrition - basic precepts of healthy food , treatment of dysbiosis and vitamin deficiency, massage, gym, compliance with a clear mode of feeding, sleeping Dreams: how to understand our dreams and wakefulness.
Proper feeding a child - the foundation of health, both in infancy and in the future, so you should listen to the recommendations of a pediatrician on the issue.