Rotavirus infection in children: a serious disease
- rotavirus infection in children: a serious disease
rotavirus - a highly contagious group of viral infections, most commonly affects children aged from six months to two years.The main symptoms of rotavirus infection in children - watery stools, diarrhea, nausea, in the most serious cases leading to dehydration of the child.
rotavirus can be encountered anywhere - this is a very common virus that can exist in nature, without losing its properties for several days.The most common rotavirus outbreaks are observed in winter (although in tropical regions the relationship incidence of rotavirus infection and the best value).In rotavirus has several other names - rotavirus gastroenteritis "stomach flu", a children's diarrhea.The smaller the child, the more intense the symptoms of rotavirus infection.
Since rotavirus is highly contagious, infected with rotavirus child can anywhere - including in kindergarten or school.The main reason for rotavirus infection in children - direct contact with the infected objects and disregard the rules of personal hygiene (eg, lack of habit to wash your hands before eating or after going to the restroom).On all surfaces (including toys) rotavirus can live for a long time.The incubation period of rotavirus infection in children (time from infection to onset of symptoms) is one to three days.
In developing countries, in unsanitary conditions and lack of proper treatment of rotavirus die hundreds of thousands of children each year.In the first three years of life rotavirus infection can occur repeatedly, the symptoms of recurrent infection is usually milder.Gradually, the child's body develops immunity to rotavirus.
first symptom of rotavirus infection in children - nausea and vomiting after four to eight days there is diarrhea.The most common symptoms of rotavirus infection in children include:
- Nausea Vomiting
- High temperature, fever
- Abdominal pain spasmodic
- watery stools, diarrhea (may last up to eight days in a row)
- coughing, snot
Diagnosis and prevention
main method of diagnosis of rotavirus infection in children - fecal How to pass a stool, so as not to spoil it .Because of the viral nature of the infection antibiotics are not effective, so as such a cure for rotavirus infection does not exist.To prevent dehydration in a child, one of the most common effects of rotavirus infection, you must make sure that the child consumed as many liquids (fizzy drinks and citrus juices are not recommended).Breast-feeding while rotavirus is permitted, but at the same time from the diet is better to exclude from the diet of dairy products, cheese and butter.Breastfeeding does not prevent infection with rotavirus in infants, but, in practice, it helps to reduce the symptoms.If the symptoms of rotavirus infection in the child's intense and unabated for several days, to avoid the risk of dehydration is best to consult a doctor.
risks and complications
One of the most serious complications of rotavirus infection in children - dehydration, which can lead to the need for hospitalization (although such cases are rare).
The main symptoms of dehydration caused by rotavirus infection include:
- Dry mouth and tongue Thirst
- sunken eyes
- Increased irritability, or, conversely, sluggishness
- absence of urination
- lack of tears when crying
rotavirus infection in children, symptoms
Rotavirus - a very common phenomenon, commonly seen in infants and young children.Almost all children to achieve five years of age at least once faced with rotavirus.Although rotavirus infection Rotavirus: the prognosis is favorable not considered really dangerous disease in children infected with rotavirus, there is a risk of dehydration is really dangerous for the health of the child.
The group of core symptoms of rotavirus infection in children include:
first symptom of rotavirus infection in infants and young children - a slight fever.Often parents do not recognize the infection in time, since the temperature rise slightly.That is why it is important to constantly monitor the fluctuations of the body temperature of the child to recognize rotavirus infection at an early stage.
main symptom of rotavirus infection in children - diarrhea, watery stools brown, greenish or yellow mustard.Although neonatal diarrhea - a normal phenomenon, diarrhea caused by rotavirus, is very different from normal peristalsis healthy baby.Any changes in consistency, color or odor chair child whistleblower bowel How to organize the work of the intestine - a phased process - and, in particular, about the beginning of rotavirus.
One of the most common symptoms of rotavirus infection - frequent vomiting.While spitting up after feeding - completely normal, rotavirus can cause intense vomiting, incomparable with the usual regurgitation, which over time may be different from feeding.
- Abdominal pain
addition to vomiting and diarrhea, rotavirus infection in children is often accompanied by pain in the abdomen.It is particularly important to recognize the symptoms of rotavirus infection in infants: infants become moody and noisy, constantly crying, refusing to lie down on his stomach.
constant diarrhea and frequent vomiting in children can lead to dehydration of the child's body.In rare cases, in the absence of proper care of the sick child, the degree of dehydration is so high that the child requires hospitalization and intravenous fluids.The main symptoms of dehydration caused by rotavirus infection in children - lethargy, apathy, thirst, dry skin Dry skin: care and treatment , sunken eyes, no tears when crying newborn.