adenoids simplistically called pharyngeal tonsil, which normally is present in every human being.It starts to operate with the first breath of the child, because the first encounters microorganisms in the environment, and provides them to detect an immune response.Pharyngeal tonsil is located on the rear wall of the nasopharynx and a four - five glandular lobes.
Causes of enlarged adenoids
enlarged adenoids is OK as a response to exposure to microbes, got on their surface.The more often the child is in contact with those suffering people, the more will grow adenoids, providing a fast start the immune response.
Children with severe allergic oriented much more likely to have an increase in adenoid tissue, they have higher numbers of immunoglobulin E, as well as signs of increased permeability of the vascular walls.To increase the adenoids causes unfavorable ecological situation, so children living in big cities, get sick more often, as well as poor diet, with the consumption of excessive a
- Difficulty breathing through the nose
due to the total or partial overlapping of the lumen of the nasal passages (choanae), and the degree of difficulty depends on the size of the adenoids and the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the particular child's nose and throat.The situation is aggravated acceding venous congestion, which often happens in a horizontal position of the child during sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams , and he begins to breathe through the mouth.
- Nasal discharge
Long difficulty of nasal breathing and venous plethora help reduce the protective properties of the mucous membranes of the nose, and therefore her settle variousmicroorganisms which gradually lead to the development of chronic rhinitis and sinusitis, which is manifested persistent muco-purulent nasal passages.
adenoids block the passage of air through the choanae, which gradually reduces the muscle tone of the nasopharynx, causing them to vibrate during inhalation through the mouth, causing the appearance of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea stop breathing (apnea) during sleep - obstruction of the upper airwayways (breath), which leads to fatigue, drowsiness, irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , reduce attention and memory in children.
- Hearing loss
mechanical pressure lymphoid tissue enlarged adenoids adenoids - growth of the pharyngeal tonsil and swelling of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx lead to partial or complete overlap of the Eustachian tube, which lowers the pressure in the middle ear and hearing loss appears sound-conducting type.
muco-purulent discharge not only stands out from the nasal passages, but also runs down the back of the throat, causing irritation, manifested by a cough.
- voice disorders
Overgrown adenoids are an obstacle to the passage of the resonant wavelength that is peculiar twang in which especially disturbed pronunciation of sounds "m" and "n" - they are heard as "b" and "d" respectively.
diagnosis, treatment and prognosis
diagnosis is made after examination by a doctor, otolaryngologist, with the help of special methods of investigation, on the basis of which is determined by the degree of proliferation of adenoid tissue, which is important in the appointment of treatment as the first and secondthe magnification of the adenoids can be treated with conservative methods, and higher than the second only effective surgical treatment.
Conservative treatment is carried out continuously and gradually.
- Humidification nasal mucosa using salt solutions such as akvamaris several times a day.
- Humidification and air purification in the room where the child is.
- Sanitation nasal preparations that are assigned to an otolaryngologist.This can be antibacterials, disinfectants nasopharyngeal lavage solutions, physical therapy, laser therapy and some other means.
- systematic and restorative breathing exercises.
- rational tempering, health-restoring procedures, including a trip to the sea, a long rest in an environmentally safe places.
With timely treatment, the prognosis is favorable.In the absence of adequate therapy, the person develops a specific type of adenoid - elongated skull bones, expands the bridge, there is abnormal growth of the teeth, mouth half open constantly face puffy, dark circles under the eyes.