There are plants that have acquired so many myths, it is difficult to determine their true value.It is to such concerns hemlock plants - one of the most poisonous plants, which would still used in traditional medicine in many countries as a medicinal plant.
What is and where hemlock grows
Hemlock spotted - a perennial herb of the family umbrella with high (up to 1 m or more) stems, covered with brownish-purple spots.Leaves compound, twice or three times pinnate, dissected.The flowers are small, white, gathered in complex umbrellas.Fruit - dvusemyanka without spout, with wavy edges, if the fruit is grind, it gives off an unpleasant smell of a mouse.
Hemlock spotted growing in central Russia, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, often forming thickets whole.It is a widespread plant that grows in the temperate zone, it grows almost everywhere, loves river valleys, weedy places, blooms in June and July, the fruits ripen in September.Hemlock spotted very similar to parsley Parsley health and beauty and wild carrot, which is the cause of permanent poisoning by this plant.
effect on the human body
All parts of the plant (but mostly in fruits and seeds) contains five poisonous alkaloid (biologically active substances that can have on the human body strong impact), of which the most important alkaloidKonin.
coniine - a poison that has nerve.When injected into the human body coniine rapidly absorbed into the blood, it affects the central nervous system (at first exciting, then depressing) and causes paralysis endings of sensory and motor nerves.Because the body coniine excreted in the urine and partly in expired air.
juice hemlock was used in ancient times to enforce the death penalty.According to legend, this is how Socrates was poisoned - in ancient Greece used for this purpose hemlock juice - one of the species of hemlock.
Symptoms of poisoning and first aid
Unfortunately, such cases are, as this poisonous plant is similar to a number of edible.Often poisoning get kids playing with hemlock.Symptoms of poisoning include headache, dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet , nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, cold sweat, visual disturbances (vibrations of objects in front of the eyes, blurred objects) and hearing.The face is pale, swallowing difficult, slow heart rate at the beginning, and then a rapid, irregular, pupils contracted, there jerking of muscles that go into spasm expressed.Grows from the bottom up the loss of sensitivity and motor activity paralysis begins with a stop, rises to the diaphragm, causing her paralysis, the person stops breathing.The legs are heavy, there is a fever throughout the body, the feeling of pins and needles in the feet, unsteadiness of gait.Mild cases of poisoning may confine disorder of the digestive system, while heavy on the forefront paralysis and respiratory failure.
poisoning diagnosis is confirmed by laboratory tests: the detection in the vomit of the affected pieces of hemlock and spotted horse meat.
First aid for poisoning spotted hemlock is gastric lavage pink solution of potassium permanganate (to make sure that the solution did not contain crystals of potassium permanganate, it needs to do first concentrated solution, and then add it to the water), and then give the victim a saline laxative and activatedCoal Activated carbon - old but indispensable (20 tablets), which is deposited on its surface poison.At the hospital intravenously injected a large amount of liquid with diuretics (forced diuresis).It held also struggle with seizures, respiratory failure and cardiac arrhythmias.In severe cases, a blood purification method hemosorption and ventilation.
Application hemlock in folk medicine
hemlock spotted in Russia as a medicinal plant is not registered, use it for therapeutic purposes is prohibited.
However, until now it is believed that the plant has immunostimulant, analgesic, anticonvulsant, sedative, antispasmodic (relieves muscle spasm of the internal organs and blood vessels), and anti-inflammatory action.In folk medicine used to treat hemlock malignancies.This plant mentioned in the works of Avicenna.Old Russian healers treated with hemlock ulcers and skin cancer Skin Cancer - a full recovery is possible .
Use a poisonous plant with curative intent can only herbalist with extensive experience and knowledge passed down from generation to generation, as the slightest excess of the dose of the drug received fraught with fatal complications.
appearance and properties of hemlock spotted need to know everything, but not to be treated, but in order not to confuse it with useful plants.