Sophora japonica - a valuable medicinal raw materials


Sophora japonica Japanese Sophora - a deciduous tree of the legume family, which reaches 25 meters in height.It's time Sophora flowering occurs at the end of the summer, and its fruit ripens in October and are located on the tree all winter.Sophora japonica is resistant to drought, saline soils, it is capable of transferring small frosts.Chinese healers have long used Sophora medicinal purposes: to relieve fever, dry moisture, gases and get rid of intestinal parasites.Therefore, the preparations Sophora japonica used to treat dysentery and jaundice, swelling and dysuria and pruritus and eczema.

To prepare the drugs used flowers and fruits of Sophora containing isoflavone and flavonoid glycosides, such as rutin.Ruthin restores and tightens the vascular wall, making it more elastic, and remove organic deposits from the walls of capillaries.Therefore, routine in combination with ascorbic acid is prescribed for diseases that are accompanied by violation of vascular permeability, with hemorrhagic vasculitis, capillary toxicosis and thrombocytopenia, as well as hemorrhagic diathesis, hemorrhages in the retina, capillary toxicosis, radiation sickness, bacterial endocarditis, rheumatism, glomerulonephritis, hypertensiondisease, allergic diseases, measles Measles in children - may cause serious complications Measles in children - may cause serious complications , scarlet fever, typhus.

Among the indications for use of Sophora japonica as psoriasis, lupus, hypertension, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, kidney disease, ulcerative colitis, cancer of the throat, nose, throat, periodontal disease, thrombophlebitis, hemorrhoids, fungus, eczema, breast Mastopatia - mirror women's health Breast - the mirror Women , uterine and prostate.

active substances in Sophora japonica

Matrine and oxymatrine compound similar to it - the main active substances as part of the root of Sophora.It alkaloids, and they make up about 2% of the dry and about 1% of the fresh root of Sophora.As part of the plant is also present dozens of other alkaloids, but in relatively small amounts.

Properly prepared decoction of the roots of Sophora contains 60-300 mg of the main alkaloids in the 3-15 grams of dried flowers or roots.Traditional medicine recommends taking a decoction of 30 grams of Sophora per day, divided into two or more receptions.

Unlike many other vegetable alkaloids, which are used in medical practice, matrine and oxymatrine have very low toxicity and their adverse effects on the central nervous system slightly.In general, Sophora has a sedative effect on the central nervous system.Thus, clinical studies showed that the syrup containing 10 grams of Sophora root extract (about 200 mg of alkaloids) effectively helps to prevent insomnia and can sometimes even replace the previously used drugs sedatives.

Side effects

Sophora Side effects are minor.In case of exceeding the recommended dosage, possible side effects from the gastrointestinal tract: nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, constipation;in rare cases, dizziness, hair loss and rash.If you take less than 30 grams per day Sophora drugs, side effects are not observed.

typical dosage formulations Sophora 300-600 mg a day (at 2% of alkaloids, which corresponds to the root of 15-30 grams per day), although in some instances, the higher dose (e.g., in one study the dose for the treatment of arrhythmia was gradually increasedup to 1000-1500 mg three times a day).Adverse reactions to alkaloids are rarely observed.When the drug is administered intravenously, it can be a pain at the injection site, but it is quite common.For oral application may occur by the reaction of the digestive tract (e.g., nausea).In the case of very high doses of oxymatrine can inhibit the function of the immune system, which is associated with increased levels of calcium in lymphocytes.

Contraindications preparations Sophora japonica are individual intolerance, pregnancy and lactation, and age 14 years.Treatment should be under the supervision of a doctor and avoid overdose, as the plant is very poisonous.

How looks like and where it grows Sophora japonica

Japanese Sophora - tree height of 20 m with a greenish-gray, short-pubescent shoots, belongs to the family of legumes.Bark gray tree trunks covered with cracks and fissures.Leaves over 20 cm long, with a few pairs of leaflets.Leaflets are oval in shape, bottom covered with whitish hairs, and on top - a dark, smooth and shiny.Small cream flowers gathered in panicles and have a strong pleasant odor.Fruits - large pods with beaded bare beans, first green, then brown, do not fall and winter.Blooms in July-August, the fruits ripen in October-November.As a medicinal plant harvested in summer flowers in early autumn - unripe fruits, breaking off the top with flowers or fruits.Dried in the shade under the eaves, in the draft, is stored in a dry place.

growing in Japan and China.As an ornamental plant Sophora japonica is grown in the Caucasus, in southern Ukraine, in Central Asia.The tree is drought tolerant, but is afraid of wind and frost.

chemical composition and medicinal properties

chemical composition of Sophora japonica is not fully understood, but it is known that in the bud and beans Sophora japonica contains a complex of biologically active substances, including rutin - an organic compound having vitaminactivity.Rutin strengthens capillary walls by regulating their permeability;It enhances the effect of ascorbic acid.

Drugs derived from Sophora japonica, restore elasticity (ie, lower brittleness) of the blood vessels, purify their walls of different kinds of deposits (including the cholesterol plaques), and normalize metabolic processes, resulting in reduced levels of cholesterol and glucosein the blood, soothe, normalize blood pressure.The reduced blood flow is the prevention of stroke, myocardial infarction and vascular impairment.Furthermore, Sophora japonica normalizes immune processes, including reducing allergy phenomena.

Indications, contraindications for receiving the Sophora japonica, and the side effects that may arise out of its application

medicines from Sophora japonica are used both internally and externally.Inside (in the form of infusions and tinctures) Sophora japonica assigned:

  • at increased permeability of small blood vessels (capillaries) and a tendency to bleeding usually in combination with ascorbic acid;
  • with hemorrhages in the retina of the eye;
  • when radiation effects - rises immunity;
  • rheumatism - decreases swelling of the joints;
  • in infectious and allergic diseases of the kidneys (glomerulonephritis), in which the protein lost in the urine and red blood cells - red blood cells;
  • with hypertension - prevents swelling and reduces blood pressure;
  • in allergic diseases - reduces allergic reactions;
  • with colitis (inflammation of the colon) - reduces swelling of tissues;
  • metabolic disorders (eg, diabetes, in which small blood vessels affected);
  • under certain childhood infections, accompanied by swelling and rashes on the skin (eg, measles);
  • when blood disorders associated with increased capillary fragility.

External Sophora japonica is used in the form of infusions and tinctures in the form of irrigation, washing and wet dressings with festering wounds, burns and nonhealing ulcers, as well as for gargling in inflammatory processes in the throat and tonsils.

contraindication for receiving drugs from Sophora japonica is an idiosyncrasy of this plant, pregnancy and lactation Breastfeeding: Breast - and no nails! Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails! child.

side effects with Sophora japonica can manifest as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.

How to cook the drug on the basis of Sophora japonica

On the basis of Sophora japonica in the home, you can prepare the infusion, and the infusion:

  • tincture of fruits or flowers of Sophora japonica: a tablespoon of minced raw pour half a glass of vodka, insistfor 10 days in a dark place, filter and ingest 30-40 drops three times daily after meals;For external use, an aqueous solution of tincture (2 teaspoons of tincture dissolved in 90 ml of water), which was washed with sores or used for gargling.
  • infusion Sophora japonica flowers: half tablespoon dried minced raw pour a glass of boiling water, infuse for half an hour in a water bath Sauna and health: the benefits and harms of bath procedures Sauna and health: the benefits and harms of bath procedures , drain, refill to the original level and ingest a quarter cup threetimes a day after meals.

If used wisely Sophora japonica (that is prescribed by a doctor), it will certainly benefit.