plants with medicinal purpose was used by the ancient Egyptians.They made various ointments, lotions and potions quite complex composition.In ancient Egypt, widely used scented oils, balms, resins.Already at that time were widely known healing properties of aloe aloe - its amazing healing properties of , plantain Psyllium - helps the kidneys and stomach , juniper, marjoram and many other plants.
Oregano (forest mint) - a perennial herb of the family grubotsvetnyh height of 30-80 cm. Stems oregano straight, quadrangular, branched, covered with soft hairs.Leaves are oblong, pointed.The flowers are pinkish-purple, small, numerous, gathered in panicles.The fruit consists of four round-ovate nuts enclosed in a cup, spicy and bitter taste.Flowers in June-August, the fruits appear in September.
oregano grows almost all over the country on dry ground, meadows, forest edges, among the bushes and along the slopes of the hills.Cultivated as melliferous, essential oil and m
As a medicinal raw material used the aerial part.The raw material is collected in the period of flowering, cut stems up to 20 cm. The collected materials are tied into bundles and hang to dry in the open air under a canopy.The dried raw material rubbed through a wire sieve to obtain a mixture of leaves, flowers and young twigs.
Oregano used as a spice, it is added to vegetable, mushroom and meat dishes, salads, soups, sausages and home-made cakes.From oregano prepare tea is added to brandy, oregano gives them a special flavor and taste.The most widely used oregano found in the preparation of home-canned.
chemical composition and medicinal properties
The aerial part contains the essential oil of oregano Essential oils and conception: can help roses? , terpenes (hydrocarbons with a strong odor of pine), alcohols, geranyl acetate (ester geraniol - scented oil contained in geranium and acetic acid, a component of many essential oils has a fruity-floral odor note to Rose) and certain other volatilesand aromatic compounds, ascorbic acid, tannins and pigments.The seeds contain about a third of the drying fatty oil.
Oregano has a strong sedative effect.It soothes and relieves stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis even its smell.In addition, it has a strong expectorant and diaphoretic properties, has choleretic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action.Oregano also increases motor activity of the stomach and intestines, increases the secretion of gastric juice has a tonic effect on the smooth muscle of the uterus.
Indications and contraindications for use
- with nervousness and convulsive states as a sedative;
- in diseases of the upper respiratory tract, bronchitis and pneumonia as an expectorant;
- in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by low secretory and motor activity (gastritis with low acidity, colitis, goiter, accompanied by constipation, poor appetite and bloating and so on);
- for liver and biliary tract - as cholagogue;
- edema of different origin - as a diuretic;
- at cold and high temperature as a diaphoretic;
- at pustular skin diseases, festering wounds and diathesis - externally as an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory.
Contraindicated oregano if you are hypersensitive and during pregnancy, as it causes increased activity of the muscles of the uterus.
How to prepare and take drugs from
oregano marjoram alone or in a mixture is prepared in the form of infusions and tinctures:
- infusion oregano reception inside: two tablespoons dried minced raw material is placed in an enamel bowl, pour a glass of boiling water, heated in a water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes at room temperature, strain, squeeze, made up boiled water to the original volume and take a tablespoon three times a day for half an hour before meals;
- infusion of oregano: tablespoon dried minced raw pour 150 ml of 70% ethyl alcohol and infused for 10 days in a dark place at room temperature, strain, wring out and take 30 drops three times a day.
The pharmacy oregano is sold in the form of briquettes from shredded and compressed grass.Tiled briquettes divided grooves 10 different slices.One slice pour a glass of boiled water, 15-20 minutes, strain and drink in the form of heat for half a cup three times a day.
Oregano - a herb that is used everywhere: in cooking and in perfumery and medicine.