Sambucus racemosa: useful but underestimated plant


Sambucus racemosa Red elder - honeysuckle plant of the family - in the official medicine is not used, but in folk medicine, she found the application.Very convenient red elderberry wash hands when very dirty - laundered how ingrained dirt and resin plant.

How looks like and where it grows red elderberry

Sambucus racemosa is a small tree or a branched shrub, which often carry decorative features at gardening settlements.The trunk of the red elderberry has a peculiar appearance: it has a gray shade with brown bark, incised elongated grooves.Young twigs and leaves of red elderberry have more intense color with purple hues.

If twig break, you can see the greenish wood and soft inside, light, spongy structure reddish core.Leaves consist of several unpaired leaflets, green above, bottom slightly grayish, ovate with pointed edges.Flowers are white, slightly yellowish, with special smell of elderberry, gathered in inflorescences appear in mid-spring.The fruits (red berries bright brush with inside three bones) appear in July - a tree while looking very picturesque.

berries are not edible, but not too poisonous, though contain toxic substances that can hold the tree up to the frost.

Sambucus racemosa is usually planted in the ravines, sprinkle the shores of water bodies with a view to strengthening them, as well as a hedge.It is also often planted near the places of storage of grain (sheds and barns), because the smell frightened rodents.

chemical composition and properties of the red elderberry - whether it has something useful?

chemical composition of plants is insufficiently studied.However, it was found that the unripe fruit and leaves Elderberry sambunigrin contain toxic substances that the human body breaks down to form hydrogen cyanide.In the flowers, fruits and leaves found tannins, sugars, organic acids, fatty non-drying oil, vitamins, some of the essential oil Essential oils and conception: can help roses? Essential oils and conception: can help roses? - such structure allows the use of this plant in the treatment of certain diseases.

In folk medicine used antipyretics, laxatives, vomiting, pain relievers, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial properties of the red elderberry.

Which diseases using the red elder and what is to be feared in this case

main thing - it does not use the young shoots, leaves and fruit of this plant as high risk of prussic acid poisoning.In folk medicine, red elder used, however, this is done with great care.

example, tea from the flowers and the red elderberry juice from berries (only mature!) Is used as an analgesic, diuretic, remedy for colds (both inside and rinse the mouth and throat), pain in the joints PainJoints - how to understand what is going on? Joint pain - how to understand what is going on? and in the spine (rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis - permanent debilitating joint pain Rheumatoid arthritis - permanent debilitating joint pain , osteochondrosis), pain in various diseases of bones and joints (heel spur, osteomyelitis), as the anti-inflammatory agent in the treatment of peptic ulcerdiseases of the stomach and duodenum.

believed that the red elderberry helps with hormonal disorders during menopause, headaches (including migraines), with severe skin disorders (including psoriasis).

Fruits and red elderberry bark is used as an emetic and purgative.Tea made from elderberry flowers used as an expectorant and anti-inflammatory remedy for colds, bronchitis, bronchial asthma.There is even information that the plant is used to treat cancer patients.

How to cook red elder

In folk medicine known following the preparation recipe red elderberry for treatment:

  • decoction of the roots of the red elderberry: teaspoon dried crushed red roots elderberry pour a glass of water, bring to a boil and cookon low heat for about five minutes, and then insist for an hour, strain, pour the boiled water to the original level and take on a tablespoon 3 times a day half an hour after a meal as an antipyretic, diuretic and laxative;
  • broth red elderberry branches: teaspoon dried crushed red elderberry branches pour a glass of water to cook the same as the previous broth and drink a tablespoon 3 times daily after meals as a diaphoretic and diuretic;
  • infusion of red elderberry flowers: a tablespoon of dry powdered flowers of the red elderberry pour a glass of boiling water, leave for an hour, strain and take two tablespoons three times a day after meals with asthma and rheumatism Rheumatism - possible heart complications Rheumatism - possible heart complications.

Red elderberry is not an official medicinal herb, so if there is no experience of its use in the treatment of diseases, it is better not to take risks and rely on proven medications.

Galina Romanenko