Feijoa: use flavored
- Feijoa: use flavored
- use in food
- As there
few plants get as much of the initial focus ona high level and at the same remained unrecognized as feijoa, representative of the family myrtle, Feijoa sellowiana Berg.It is the most famous member of the genus, which consists of only three species that German botanist Ernst Berger named after Dona da Silva Feijoa, botany from San Sebastian, Spain.
specific name pays tribute to F. Zellovu, German specialist, who collected samples of plants in the Province of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil.The lack of popular name indicates lack of popularity of this plant among the common people.In Uruguay it is called in Spanish - Guayabo del Pais.Feijoa is also nicknamed "the Brazilian guava" and "Tomato, Natural guava."The term "guavastin" was adopted in Hawaii.The most incredible, the term "New Zealand's banana" appears periodically in the agricultural literature of this country.
plant is a dense shrub 0.9-6 meters or more in height with pale gray bark;spreading branches, swollen nodes, and white-hairy when young.The evergreen, opposite, short, straight elliptically shaped leaves look thick, leathery, 2.8-6.25 cm long and 1.6-2.8 cm wide, smooth and shiny on the upper surface, and finely veined silver-haired from the back side.Draws attention, bisexual flowers reach four centimeters in width and are individually or in groups.They have four fleshy, oval, concave petals, white outside, purple-red in 1.6-2 cm in length, and a bunch of numerous erect purple stamens round, golden-yellow anthers.Fruits are oblong or ovate or slightly pear-shaped 4-6 cm long and 2.8-5 cm wide, with permanent segment of the cup attached to the top.The thin skin is covered with "fluff" whitish hairs that are retained until maturity, when it becomes dull-green or yellow-green, sometimes with red or orange blush.Fruit emits a strong lasting fragrance before full maturity.Thick, white, granular, watery flesh and the translucent central part enclosing the seed, has a sweet and slightly acidic flavor resembling a combination of pineapple Pineapple : calorie content and other characteristics of sweet fruit and guava or pineapple and strawberries on your scent.Inside the fetus is generally from 20 to 40, sometimes up to 100, very small, elongated, subtle seeds.
Feijoa originally from the southern part of Brazil, northern Argentina, western Paraguay and Uruguay, where it is common in the wildin the mountains.It is believed that this plant was first grown in Europe by M. de Wette in Switzerland and, a little later, around 1887, it is known that it appeared in the Botanical Garden in Basel.In 1890, the famous French botanist and horticulturist, Dr. Edouard Andre, brought the plant with air layering from the stem of La Plata, Brazil and planted it in his garden on the Riviera.It bore fruit in 1897.Dr. Andre published a description of a plant leaf with colored plates, flowers and fruits in Revue Horticole in 1898, praising the fruit and recommending cultivation of plants in southern France and the Mediterranean.
kennel employee in Lyons distributed processes with Andre plant in 1899, many of which were planted on the Riviera, some in Italy and Spain, and some in greenhouses in the north.That same year, the famous owner of the kennel Besson Frere received seeds from Montevideo and raised thousands of plants, which are widely sold and proved to plants of another species than the plant Dr. Andre.Seeds were imported even one or two French owners of nurseries and then, in 1901, seedlings from plants Dr. André were obtained by Dr. F. Franceschi of Santa Barbara, California, by M. Naudin from Antibes.They were planted in several different locations in California.In 1903, Dr. Franceschi acquired through F. Morel of Lyons a few shoots from the plant Dr. Andre.He put one or two in Santa Barbara, and most of the rest were sent to Florida.
Plants not taken root in southern Florida but became quite popular in northern Florida, primarily as a decorative and, in particular, cut the bushes.Dr. Henry Nerling raised two plants in the barn, in the penumbra in the town of Gotha in central Florida, in 1911.They flowered and fruited but the fruit dropped before maturity and maturing rapidly decayed.In recent years, vegetatively propagated cultivar 'Coolidge', also performed well in Florida.In California, the feijoa is grown in a limited way for the fruit, especially in cool coastal areas, mainly in the vicinity of San Francisco.At the Experimental Station in Honolulu a plant bloomed for fifteen years, but did not bear fruit.Later landing performed well at higher elevations.
Feijoa is sometimes cultivated in the highlands of Chile and other South American countries and the Caribbean.In Jamaica, a few plants came from California in 1912, they have been planted at various altitudes.In the Bahamas individual plants fashionable seen on roadsides and in private gardens, but they do not bear fruit, and often do not bloom.In southern India, the feijoa is grown for its fruit in home gardens in temperate altitudes of about 1067 meters.
most widespread feijoa received in New Zealand.The owner of the kennel in Oakland introduced three varieties from Australia - Coolidge, Choiceana and Superba - about 1908.They remained little known until 1930, when the feijoa was advertised as an ornamental plant.Later, after the breeding improvement and naming of species with large, superior fruits and their vegetative propagation have been made small commercial planting in the citrus-growing areas in the North Island.Feijoa Growers Association of New Zealand was established in 1983, and some of the fruits exported to USA, UK, Germany, the Netherlands, France and Japan.New Zealanders also planted feijoa as a windbreak around wind-sensitive crops.In southern Africa, it is grown as an ornamental plant and for fruit.After World War II, feijoa plantations were established in North Africa, the Caucasus region in southern Russia, as well as in Sicily, Portugal and Italy.
In England, the feijoa is much appreciated as an ornamental shrub, though it blooms profusely only in sunny areas.Planting feijoa officially welcomed in New South Wales and Victoria in Australia, because its fruits are home to fruit flies.