Quinoa: savior and healer

quinoa Quinoa is considered a weed, however, in the famine, she saved many from death.From it cooked soups, eaten raw, baked bread.Today, tender shoots and young leaves in the spring of quinoa is used for the preparation of fortified salads, as quinoa is rich in ascorbic acid, carotene.

botanical characteristics

quinoa Quinoa and pigweed - annual herb of the family Chenopodiaceae, close relatives, so they are difficult to distinguish from each other.Moreover, each plant has many kinds.In our country only Mari has about 30 species and several species of goosefoot (glossy, kopelistnaya, spreading, Tatar, garden).Outwardly, they look like, however, there are differences.The most common in our country view - quinoa spreading.

spreading Quinoa belongs to the genus of annual plants of the family Chenopodiaceae bipartite.She has a strong taproot, which goes deep into the soil.The height of the stem more than half, and sometimes more than a meter.Leaves lanceolate, monochrome, without powdery coating (it is very typical for many species of swans) next, but the lowest leaves are opposite, toothed.The flowers are small, clustered in an inflorescence, unisexual, male and female are on the same plant.Male flowers are different from women in a hundred are five-membered perianth.Flowers in July - August.The fruit - achene.

growing quinoa spreading in weedy places, along roadsides, in vacant lots and along rivers in many parts of our country.Quinoa absorbs salt from the soil, while keeping them in the leaves, so it is often planted for cleaning soil from salt contamination.Leaves spreading quinoa with a high content of salts is an excellent fertilizer for the soil.

for human consumption and is grown as an ornamental garden quinoa with colored (green, red, yellow, variegated) leaves.This type of quinoa refers to cold-resistant plants (to freeze transfers - 6˚).

raw materials are the young leaves and shoots quinoa collected before flowering.They either eat fresh or dried.Lebedev garden completely pulled up by the roots in the development of 5-8 true leaves, until the stems.

chemical composition quinoa Quinoa

valuable, first of all, the fact that it contains up to 30% vegetable protein, which is why she saved many people hungry.Of fiber in a swan found nearly 40%, there is also a small amount of vegetable fat.In addition, there is a lot of ascorbic acid, rutin, carotene (provitamin A), minerals and other biologically active substances, such as betaine, has been actively involved in the metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things (especiallyin fat metabolism).The quinoa seeds contain phospholipids.

Application quinoa

Since one-third of the total composition of quinoa vegetable protein, the plant has good nutritional properties.The leaves of the quinoa, which are mainly used for food, have no taste or smell, so they are an excellent basis for a variety of dishes - mostly soups and salads.Quinoa and dried leaves and add to the flour, which increases its nutritional value and long storage made from this flour products (eg bread).At all times, quinoa is often the main means of salvation from hunger: it is added to flour, cooked soup, meatballs made from the seeds of quinoa cooked porridge, to taste reminiscent of buckwheat.

decoctions and infusions of leaves cygnets have diuretic, choleretic, antispasmodic (relieves spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs and blood vessels) and soothing properties.In medical applications broths and extracts from the leaves of quinoa used mainly in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (relieves pain).In diseases of the liver and bile ducts in the food consumed young leaves boiled quinoa.

decoction of leaves of quinoa garden has mucolytic properties (liquefies phlegm), and therefore is used for coughs with viscous sputum expectorated difficult.Assign infusions quinoa and edema of different origin, with nervousness and menstrual irregularities (as a sedative).Quinoa seeds used as a purgative.

Apply decoctions and infusions, and quinoa as an external agent: applied as a compress for pain in the joints Joint pain - how to understand what is going on? Joint pain - how to understand what is going on? (decreases pain) and apply a cloth soaked infusion of quinoa to hemorrhoids.Fresh comminuted herb has antiseptic and wound-healing properties.

How to make drugs from the quinoa at home

The home of quinoa can be cooked:

  • decoction for oral administration: a tablespoon of chopped dry grass cover with cold water, bring to a boil, cook on lowheat for 3-4 minutes, leave for 30 minutes, drain, refill to the original level, to take on a third cup 3 times a day;
  • infusion for ingestion: tablespoon dry chopped herbs pour a glass of boiling water, leave for an hour, strain and take on a third cup 3 times a day;
  • infusion mouthwash five tablespoons chopped dry grass pour a glass of boiling water, leave for an hour, drain and rinse the throat and mouth in angina Angina - is it worth it to carry "on their feet"? Angina - is it worth it to carry "on their feet"? and stomatitis Stomatitis - to breath fresh Stomatitis - to breath fresh .

Quinoa - is a plant, which is most often remembered during the famine.

Galina Romanenko