In nature, many poisonous plants, but also Paracelsus once said that only the dose makes the poison or drug.Therefore, many poisonous plants has long been successfully used to treat various diseases.So poisonous foxglove used in the treatment of heart disease.
What kind of trouble can be expected when dealing with poisonous plants
Nature can always meet with poisonous plants - this is not uncommon.Beautiful red wolf berries are particularly attracted to children, tender stem spring lily of the valley can chew and the adult (many love to take a piece of grass in his mouth).Frequent mushroom poisoning.Therefore, adults should make it a rule, and teach it to your children: never take by mouth unfamiliar plant, however attractive it may seem.In order to help a person in cases of poisoning in some plants, it is necessary to know the main toxic substances that grow in the area, their mechanism of action and the rules of first aid.
There are many poisonous plants used in medicine.As an example,
«Vitamins" for the heart of the foxglove Digitalis
- a biennial herbaceous plant native to Western Europe.In our country it is cultivated as a medicinal plant.In the wild form is found in the middle of Russia, the North Caucasus, the Urals, in the Krasnodar region.It grows on forest edges, small groves and forests.All parts of this plant are very poisonous.
From drug to use dried leaves of Digitalis, which contain cardiac glycosides, the most important of which - digitoxin and gitoksin.These glycosides are well absorbed and are not destroyed in the gastrointestinal tract.Their action begins 2-4 hours after oral administration, reaching a peak in 8-12 hours and stops completely only after 2-3 weeks.After absorption in the blood enter the cardiac glycosides tissues, including cardiac muscle.This digitalis glycosides have a pronounced ability to accumulate in the body.
Action cardiac glycosides appears to change all the main functions of the heart.Under the influence of therapeutic doses of glycosides heart muscle begins to contract more strongly and often.As a result, the heart as a pump to pump a greater volume of blood.The main therapeutic effect of cardiac glycosides in heart failure manifests Heart failure - when the heart is unable to cope with the work , when the heart is unable to cope with its core function of pumping blood.Strong and more rare reducing infarction (heart muscle), which appear under the influence of cardiac glycosides, quickly restore circulatory disorders.However, an overdose of this medication is very dangerous, so if a patient is prescribed cardiac glycosides, a primary dose of trying to pick up in the hospital when the patient is under constant surveillance.
If overdose of digitalis or accidental poisoning occurs digitalis severe bradycardia bradycardia - when the heart stops (very rare heart rate), irregular heartbeat, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.Very high doses can cause cardiac arrest.
If you suspect an overdose or poisoning Digitalis preparations need to wash out the stomach, do a cleansing enema, give into some pills of activated carbon Activated carbon - old but indispensable and call an ambulance.If the ambulance is not a long time, an hour after taking the activated charcoal can be given 2 tablets asparkama or panangina that contain potassium - it will improve the patient's condition.
poisonous belladonna - first aid for pain in the stomach
Krasavka or belladonna - poisonous perennial herb of the family Solanaceae.Flowers in June-August, flowers large, drooping in the form of bells, and sometimes involve children.But the more they are attracted to the berries, reminiscent of cherries, which appear in September (just enough to poison a few berries).It grows in the South of Russia - the North Caucasus, Krasnodar Territory.
As a medicinal raw material used the leaves of belladonna, which contain alkaloids atropine group.Atropine causes a decrease in the secretion of saliva, gastric, bronchial and sweat glands, pancreas Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know , quickening heart rate, lowering the tone of smooth muscles of internal organs.The latter quality allows belladonna preparations for the treatment of pain in the gastrointestinal tract caused by spasm of smooth muscle.These drugs help relieve pain in gastritis, gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, with cramps in the area of the gallbladder and bile ducts, intestines, urinary tract, and so on.
Even a small overdose of belladonna can cause dry mouth, dilated pupils, palpitations, mental agitation, convulsions, hallucinations.First aid for poisoning belladonna - gastric lavage, enema, taking several tablets of activated charcoal and call an ambulance.
Almost all poisonous plants have one or other medicinal properties, but you can only apply them strictly on prescription.