Spices and their useful properties: a vivid world of taste and aroma
Spices have long been used in the treatment of various diseases, there is mention of them in the writings of Hippocrates and Avicenna.Almost all spices since ancient times been famous for its healing properties, including the ability to treat and prevent a variety of infectious diseases.
Spices (Spice) - flavorings is used as seasoning, flavoring food.This is a different plant parts (leaves, seeds, fruits, flowers, roots) having aromatic and flavor characteristics.Spices irritate the olfactory and taste receptors (sensory nerve endings), causing increased secretion of digestive juices, which contributes to the appetite and improve digestion.
Irritability spices on olfactory receptors due to the presence in them of odorous essential oils.On the taste buds on the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract affect contained in small amounts in herbs glycosides, alkaloids and other biologically active substances.Since spices irritate the stomach and intestines, they almost never used in clinical nutrition.By
spices are pepper (black, sweet, red, chili), bay leaves, cumin, cardamom, cinnamon, cloves Carnation: exquisite aromatherapy , anise, ginger, saffron, nutmeg, vanilla Vanilla:from pies to perfumes .
Useful properties peppers
Black pepper - is the dried fruit of the dry tropical plant from the family of the pepper used as a whole, andin a hammer Acute taste and smell of black pepper depend on the content of essential oil and alkaloid piperine.Perfectly stimulates appetite and gives a special spicy flavor dishes.Many can not eat as irritate the stomach lining.
Red peppers (chili peppers) - powder from crushed dried tropical fruits dwarf shrubs native to Mexico.Today, red peppers are grown in all tropical countries.The structure of this part pepper capsaicin causing its pungent taste and disinfectant properties.So, after the discovery of America red pepper used as a means to combat cholera.A small amount of pepper added to food stimulates the appetite and increases the secretion of digestive juices.Traditional medicine uses this pepper to treat certain neuropsychiatric diseases Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help? , such as epilepsy.
Allspice - is unripe fruit of a tropical tree of the myrtle family, contained therein essential oil gives it a pronounced spicy aroma.Perfectly flavoring various dishes.
Healing root ginger
Ginger root or white - is a perennial herbaceous plant of the ginger family.As a spice is used dried rhizome.There Ginger Ginger and most unexpected, but pleasant useful properties from South Asian countries, but is now cultivated in many tropical countries.At the root of this plant contain essential oils, rich in biologically active substances, which gives a unique flavor to ginger.Ginger is rich in amino acids, vitamins A, C, group B, minerals.The sharp taste of ginger is dependent on the presence of gingerol, capable of accelerating the metabolic processes in the body and warm the body from the inside.
Ginger is used since ancient times as a medicinal plant.It has tonic, tonic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, carminative, diaphoretic, analgesic, expectorant, antiemetic properties.
belongs to the family of the ginger cardamom, dried seeds that (whole or ground) used mainly to flavor drinks and desserts.It stimulates digestion and normalizes the stomach.
Nutmeg - the seeds of nutmeg tree growing in tropical countries, contains a lot of fatty and essential oils, used as spices and flavors in cooking.The essential oil of this plant is used in medicine and perfume industries.
nutmeg essential oil has a very strong and exciting at the same time calming effect on the nervous system, promotes healing of gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, has antimicrobial and antitumor activity, strengthens the immune system, the structure of the hair and cartilage, memory and nerves, treats a variety of sexualdisorder.Large quantities of nutmeg is a poison.
Almost all spices in varying degrees, have medicinal properties, as well cumin helps with digestive disorders, contributes to a better absorbability of food.Many herbs and spices have a warming effect on the human body, so is used for colds, infections, pain in the joints and so on.
dried flower buds of clove tree myrtle family (spice cloves) are source of essential oil, which is used in perfumery.Their clove oil recovered eygenol active substance, which is used for the manufacture of a medicament Vinylinum.
Small amounts of spices are useful for the body of a healthy person, but they should not eat a lot.If a person is sick, then the use of various spices to better align with the doctor.