Hops - Handle with care
- Hops - Handle with care
Hops (Latin name Humulus lupulus) - is a perennial climbing plant family Konopleva, reaching a height of about three to six metersand native to Europe, Asia, the US, New Zealand and Australia.The most beneficial for the growth of hops river valleys, ravines and moist deciduous forests.On the contrary the rough stem are dark green, lobed, rough leaves.Male and female inflorescences of hops are on different plants.Male inflorescences form on the stems long loose panicles of seven to fifteen centimeters from the inconspicuous greenish-white small flowers, but of no interest to the pharmaceutical industry.
For therapeutic purposes, only female plants are grown hops.They form dense capitate inflorescences collected from a false spike flowers, the so-called "bumps."During flowering bump looks slightly elongated bulb at the base of the leaves, yellowish-green color.Cone contains lupulin (yellow pollen) - a bitter substance, which gives him drunk tonic qualities.Lupulin contains up to three percent essential oil Essential oils and conception: can help roses? , fifty to seventy percent of the resin composed of bitterness.Apart from a soothing, choleretic and hypnotic action, lupulin has high antibacterial activity.Collect hop cones in late August, shortly before they are fully ripe, to the collection not transgressed their glandular scales.
use of traditional medicine
Dried hop female inflorescences have long been used as a sedative Sedatives - take valerian and be happy? upon excitation, insomnia and mild depression.Sedation hop explained by the content of metilbutenola, substances which inhibit the activity of the central nervous system.In addition, hops is famous for its antiviral and antibacterial properties, so the ointment on the basis of the hops are used for the treatment of venous ulcers and nonhealing wounds, and in Chinese medicine hops are used for bites of poisonous snakes and scorpions.
Preparations hop reduce tension in the smooth muscles of blood vessels, gastrointestinal tract and urinary tract, as well as significantly lower blood pressure and increase urine output.Metilbutenola addition, the plant also contains a large number of different flavonoids, bitter, volatile oil and other useful substances, of which special mention should be humulone and lupulon that stimulate the production of gastric juices, thereby improving digestion.
According to some, hops helps to prevent the formation of new blood vessels, and is a natural anti-cancer agent, that is, prevents growth and reproduction of cancer cells.
The positive effect of drugs on the hop metabolism and, particularly, on the regulation of fat, mineral and water metabolism.Due to the content of phytoestrogens (plant analogue of the female hormone estrogen), hops has a stimulating effect on the menstrual cycle (this is the use of hops was known in ancient Greece and Rome), and in combination with other herbal remedies helps to increase breast.
female inflorescences of hops extract is used in the treatment of leprosy, tuberculosis of the lungs and acute bacterial dysentery.Poultice of leaves and hop cones used to eliminate "cold" tumors, and ointment based lupulin helps in the treatment of cancerous ulcers.There is an opinion that hops reduces sexual desire, promotes perspiration, effective as an analgesic and diuretic.
In addition, hops (thanks asparagine - aspartic amino acid amide) is effective in the treatment of abscesses, bruises, gallstones, cystitis, malaise, diarrhea, dyspepsia, fever, convulsions, hysteria, inflammation, jaundice, neuralgia, rheumatism and toothache Toothache - itself will not pass .
Dosage and Administration
standard dose of hop products (tablets and capsules) of 500 mg.As a sedative and hypnotic agents are advised to take herbal tea hop: two teaspoons of riding with hop cones pour 0.25 l of boiling water and aged about fifteen minutes.The infusion of hops received from the calculation: twenty drops to a glass of water three times a day for treatment of nervous disorders or ten drops of water five times a day, to improve digestion.The recommended dose range of commercial preparations of hops, so they should be taken under medical supervision.
precautions when using hop
Although hops has a sedative effect, it is not recommended to give infants and children.Also hop is contraindicated for people suffering from depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood and taking antidepressants and sleeping pills, including carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, alprazolam, diazepam, Ambien, diphenhydramine, doxepin and nortriptyline.
Since hops has diuretic properties which may affect certain liver enzymes, it is not recommended for people taking prescription drugs such as Allegra, Sporanox and Nizoral, etoposide, paclitaxel, vinblastine, lovastatin, and oral contraceptives.The combination of hops with other herbal remedies, has a calming effect (Varian, St. John's wort, kava kava, and others) can cause excessive sedation.
On safety hop with prolonged use, little is known.Before applying hops for the treatment and prevention of any disease, consult your doctor and discuss the potential risks and benefits.