Endometrioid ovarian cyst - the phenomenon frequent enough

endometrioid ovarian cyst Endometriosis - a condition that can affect a variety of organs, including the ovaries.Pathological endometriosis in the ovary are external endometriosis external endometriosis - a mysterious disease External endometriosis - a mysterious disease .In this form of the disease often develop ovarian endometrioid cyst.

How to develop endometrial cysts

Ovarian Endometriosis often occurs in the propagation of endometriosis uterus or fallopian tubes.With long-term course of the disease in ovarian tissue formed endometrioid ovarian cysts - Education diameter from 0.6 to 10 cm. Edometrioidnye Small cysts (single and multiple) and endometrial cysts without which sometimes has the typical appearance of the mucous membrane of the uterus body, are identified mainlynot on the surface and inside of the ovary, usually in the cortex.With tunica ovarian surface epithelium and they usually are not connected.Endometrial cysts may develop as one or both ovaries.

endometrial cysts lined inside cylindrical or cubic epithelium and covered with a capsule thickness of 0.2 to 1.5 cm. The cysts are multiple dense adhesions on the outer surface and spotting (hemorrhagic) contents of brown, for which they are called chocolate cysts.Cysts are formed due to the receipt of small amounts of blood from endometriosis in the ovary during the menstrual period.The blood eventually becomes thick and dark (chocolate).

patients with endometriosis Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences ovarian and endometrial cysts in the serosa of the fallopian tubes and uterus meet endometrial inclusions.With the spread of pathological endometriosis spread to surrounding organs and tissues of the ovaries - the rectum, bladder, intestines and so on.


In the initial stages of the disease may be a cyst does not manifest itself.In other cases, the symptoms of endometrial cyst resemble symptoms of chronic inflammation in the ovaries.Thus, women appear aching pain or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen with one hand, which may be exacerbated by sexual contact.

During menstruation, but not with each menstrual cycle, there may be severe attacks of abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms , accompanied by nausea, vomiting and fainting.When spontaneous perforation (perforation) of one of endmetrioidnyh ovarian cysts develop a picture of acute abdomen resembling ectopic pregnancy.

Endometrial cysts are often accompanied by infertility.One of the complications of endometrial cysts is also their festering.

How to identify

large endometrial cysts can even probe.Small cysts can be seen on ultrasound with a vaginal probe.They are also used such research methods as computer and magnetic resonance tomography.

But the most informative method of research is diagnostic laparoscopy - a study of the ovary using an optical device laparoscope.At the same time on the front abdominal wall is several punctures through which is inserted into the optical tube that transmits an enlarged image of the surface of the ovary to the screen.During diagnostic laparoscopy may capture tissue for research.

In addition, be sure to research conducted hormonal women and other identified endometriosis that also need to be treated.

How to treat endometrial ovarian cysts

Today it is considered that the detection of endometrioid ovarian cysts need to remove it, as they do not resolve on their own.Modern laparoscopic equipment allows extirpate small endometrial cysts.After that usually are cut adhesions that prevent the normal functioning of the ovary and the release of the egg during ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible? Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible? .But if the cyst is very large, the operation is conducted, along with the removal of ovarian cysts.

After the surgical treatment for the prevention of recurrence of the disease prescribe hormone therapy, inhibits the secretion of estrogen - the main cause of endometriosis.

Prevention of endometrial cyst is the timely treatment of women to the gynecologist at the beginning of the formation of menstrual disorders.If this time is missed, you should always consult a doctor if you have abdominal pain during menstruation, cyclic and acyclic bleeding, ie signs of internal endometriosis.Undiagnosed and treated internal endometriosis - a warning of external endometriosis, including endometrial cysts.

Galina Romanenko