Smoking during pregnancy: consequences are unpredictable
«How many times told the world ...".The problem of smoking has been, is and will be relevant throughout the world.Every year the number of smokers, and that the worst thing decreases age at which people first time took up a cigarette.Smoking is equally harmful for both men and women.Especially dangerous is smoking during pregnancy.
Although active in the fight against smoking, the harm of smoking various propaganda, only a portion of pregnant women found the strength of will and courage to give up the habit.The pregnant woman and the fetus are a single entity, so each cigarette smoked future mother is smoked for two.The effects of smoking during pregnancy are unpredictable and sometimes irreparable.Consequently, to preserve the health of the woman and the birth of a normal child is still worth to give up smoking during pregnancy.
Smoking during pregnancy
known that tobacco smoke contains a huge amount of harmful substances: nicotine, carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, tars, and even carcinogens that trigger the development of cancer.Placenta is not able to implement the protection of the fetus from all these harmful substances and the future child is experiencing all the "charm" of each cigarette smoked on itself.About smoking in early pregnancy in general is terrible to think, because the placenta has not yet formed, and even a slight obstacle to the mother-fetus missing.Among other things, during smoking is actively consumed contained in the mother's body B vitamins B vitamins: the body useful helpers and C. There is a pronounced deficiency and folic acid, which increases the risk of malformations of the central nervous system.Every cigarette you smoke causes a reduction in placental blood vessels and disrupts the delivery of oxygen to the fetus for about twenty minutes.Smoking during pregnancy is clearly harmful, regardless of length of service and number of cigarettes smoked per day.In addition, smoking discourages appetite, resulting in inadequate weight gain during pregnancy.
Currently widespread following opinion: dramatically quit smoking during pregnancy should not, as a woman experiences stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis .This statement is totally unfounded, because the damage to the child each smoked a cigarette commensurate with the "suffering" of the woman.
Uncommon situation where the woman does not know about the pregnancy and continues to smoke.What should I do in this case?If pregnancy is desired, the woman should immediately quit addiction as soon as she found out about his "interesting" position.Quitting smoking during early pregnancy to minimize the development of complications of pregnancy.Ideally, prospective parents should advance at least a month to give up smoking.
effect of smoking on pregnancy and the fetus
Smoking affects not only the course of pregnancy and fetal development, but also in the newborn:
- Low birth weight
Women who smoke are born underweight children, which isshortfall of nutrients and vitamins during pregnancy.The weight of newborns from women who smoke decreased by 30% and more.
- exacerbation of chronic diseases
During pregnancy, hormonal changes occur and reduced immunity.Therefore, pregnant smokers exacerbation of chronic diseases (pathology of pulmonary and cardiovascular systems) occurs more often.
- increase the frequency of miscarriages
Smoking during pregnancy leads to abnormalities in the placenta, her appearance in thrombosis and calcification, which often ends in miscarriage.
- increasing frequency of preterm birth
Placental disorders and chronic intrauterine fetal hypoxia fetal hypoxia - the consequences of lack of oxygen in the body are often the cause of premature births.
- Pathology placenta
abnormal location of the placenta in women smokers is found in 25 to 90% of cases.
- premature detachment of the placenta
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of premature detachment of the placenta by 25 -65%.
- sudden death of the newborn
sudden death syndrome occurs in 30% more likely than non-smoking women.
- lag in physical and mental development
- fetal malformations (cleft lip and cleft palate)
- increases the risk of a child's diabetes Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease and obesity