progesterone during pregnancy prevents the process of miscarriage.This occurs by inhibiting the contraction of smooth muscles of the uterus and immunity, which aims to rid the body of the mother of the foreign protein developing baby.Therefore, during pregnancy are constantly monitoring the level of progesterone in the blood.
How does progesterone during pregnancy
progesterone during pregnancy begins to be produced in increasing quantities by the corpus luteum of the menstrual cycle, which was formed on the site of the ruptured follicle after ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible? (release of the egg from the ovary).Gradually, the corpus luteum of the menstrual cycle expands and becomes a corpus luteum of pregnancy, which will function as long as the function of the body's hormone supply will not take the matured placenta.This usually occurs after the 16th week of pregnancy.
progesterone secretion by the corpus luteum of pregnancy stimulates new hormone hum
Progesterone promotes the transition of all organs and systems of a woman in a state necessary for development of pregnancy.There is a change of metabolism, functions of all agencies - they all begin to work with the increased load.Progesterone is a hormone called pregnancy, because it helps to preserve it.First of all, progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology inhibits smooth muscle of the uterus, preventing thus a spontaneous miscarriage.
body can get rid of the fetus and the other way - with the help of immunity since the protein the embryo is foreign to the body of the mother.Progesterone and cope with the obstacle: the it suppresses the immune system, which contributes to the preservation and the development of pregnancy.Under the influence of progesterone immune cells pregnant women produce special blocking factor, which regulates the conversion of the immune system to function in women pregnancy conditions.
Lack of progesterone can lead to spontaneous abortion, which often happens in the first 24 weeks of pregnancy.
In the later stages of pregnancy becomes very important effect of progesterone on the ligaments and tendons.Under the influence of progesterone connective tissue tendons and ligaments become softer and slightly stretched - it helps prepare the body and in particular the musculoskeletal system of the pelvis for the upcoming birth.Prepared in this way do not interfere with extendable bundles of bones and promote the child's birth canal.
What if progesterone in the blood of pregnant women
low level of progesterone in the blood, it is desirable to know before pregnancy in preparation for it.The first study on blood progesterone in pregnant women is conducted in the first trimester for a period of the 8th to the 12th week.This allows time to detect a lack of progesterone and assign it to a pregnant woman in the form of drugs.
Today, natural or synthetic progesterone drugs most commonly prescribed drugs in the form for oral administration.Examples of such drugs can be utrozhestan Utrozhestan - corrects the deficiency of progesterone and djufaston Djufaston - helps female body .
Utrozhestan is available in capsules of 100 mg and 200 mg.The capsules can be taken orally or inserted into the vagina instead of suppositories.Active ingredient utrogestan a natural micronized progesterone, which is well absorbed in the intestines and the vagina.When receiving utrogestan inside after an hour in the blood of women is achieved sufficient therapeutic concentration of progesterone effect of the drug lasts for at least eight hours.
Djufaston - is a synthetic analogue of the natural progesterone, which is available in tablets for oral administration.Duphaston has the same effect on the body as natural progesterone.
Utrozhestan djufaston or appoint women to the threat of termination of pregnancy in the first and second trimesters, that is, in the first 24 weeks of pregnancy.This allows you to keep the pregnancy at the most difficult stages.The purpose of these drugs may also help in the early stages of spontaneous abortion: a rapid suppression of smooth muscle of the uterus and immunosuppression can prevent the removal of the fetus from the uterus and continue the pregnancy.
Progesterone is a major hormone of pregnancy, it provides its preservation, the functioning of all organs and systems in the context of pregnancy and women preparing for the upcoming birth.