Once a woman became pregnant and got registered in the antenatal clinic, she was immediately discharged to the sea forms various analyzes.It would seem, what does it do, because pregnancy - is not a disease but it is a physiological condition.The answer is yes banality is simple: the expectant mother is responsible not only for their health but also the health of the baby, so it is important to regularly visit the obstetrician and promptly held a variety of surveys.A woman should be prepared for constant delivery of analyzes during pregnancy, especially if she has any chronic diseases.In addition, periodic repeat some tests reveals hidden pathology before the onset of symptoms (eg, anemia, or pyelonephritis).
Blood is a liquid tissue of the body is red.The main components of the blood are plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes) and platelets.Erythrocytes and the hemoglobin contained in them are involved in the transport of oxygen to cells and tissue
Total blood during pregnancy, the expectant mother must pass at least three times: at the registration (before 12 weeks) in the second trimester (18 to 28 weeks) and third (32 weeks).Sometimes, on the testimony appoint another common blood just before birth (after appropriate treatment).Also, repeated blood tests are carried out in the treatment of anemia in pregnant women, to monitor the effectiveness of treatment.
Blood tests for HIV, hepatitis and syphilis
blood tests for HIV, hepatitis Hepatitis - the scourge of our time and syphilis Syphilis - punishment Venus also held at leastthree times during pregnancy (every trimester).For this analysis, using venous blood.Blood is necessary to take on an empty stomach to avoid the risk of false positive results.The need for testing for transmissible infections in each trimester due to the long incubation period of these diseases.That is, when the infection, such as hepatitis symptoms are not immediate, and the results of the analysis can determine the infection.
Urinalysis pregnant woman should take regularly, since for registration, and then before each appearance before theantenatal clinic.Before collecting urine should be thoroughly washed away, and introduce the swab into the vagina How to use sanitary pad - basic precautions , to exclude vaginal cables Beli: abnormal discharge to collect urine.For a general analysis of urine, it must be morning midstream.
primarily in the analysis evaluated the color of urine (all shades of yellow).Deviations from the normal color when using certain products (beets, cherries or blackberries).The following evaluation criteria urine - is its transparency.Normally urine is clear and free of sediment and contains no pathological impurities.Turbid urine indicates excessive content of salts, bacteria, white blood cells, blood or pus.Equally important is the density of the urine.Normal figures correspond to 1010 - 1025 g / l.High density urine shows elevated levels of glucose in it or protein, low on the possible renal disease or hormonal disturbances.
Furthermore, urinalysis determined blood cells.Red blood cells are normally absent in the urine.The presence of microscopic hematuria (blood in urine) suggests glomerulonephritis, or urolithiasis.A large number of white blood cells in the urine (leucocyturia) observed in inflammatory processes in the kidney - pyelonephritis.Normally, in the overall analysis of urine protein should not be determined or only a trace (up to 0,033 g / l).Proteinuria (protein in the urine) is one of the first signs of developing preeclampsia.
- Smear on vaginal microflora
smear on the microflora of the vagina is taken at the registration and at each gynecological examination.Required fence contents of the vagina in 36 weeks (before birth).
- Pap cytology
Pap cytology - a scraping from the cervix to detect pathological processes, including cancer of the cervix.This analysis is taken when registering.