progesterone - a female hormone that supports the second phase of the menstrual cycle (phase corpus luteum) and pregnancy.Its quantity in women depends on the phase of the menstrual cycle, the presence of pregnancy, and age.Lack of progesterone negative impact on a woman's ability to have a child.And if there is an excess of progesterone?
Which organs produce progesterone
female sex hormone progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology pregnancy is synthesized mainly temporary endocrine gland the corpus luteum which is formed immediately after ovulation Ovulation - howto determine as accurately as possible? (release of the egg from the ovary) in place of the bursting of the follicle.The amount of progesterone in the second phase of the menstrual cycle, first increases, reaches its peak and then decreases.
In the first phase of the menstrual cycle, the blood contains very little progesterone.
During pregnancy, the corpus luteum grows and begins to produce increasing amoun
In addition, progesterone is produced in the adrenal cortex, and seminal vesicles of the testes of men.
Which diseases and conditions increased progesterone levels
Physiological increase in the amount of progesterone in the blood is associated with pregnancy phases of the menstrual cycle, progesterone in the second phase is much more than in the first.Significantly increased and constantly growing amount of progesterone during pregnancy.
But apart from these states may be pathologically increased progesterone-related diseases of which it is produced - the ovaries, placenta, adrenal glands, testicles.
Diseases of Women, which may lead to an increase in progesterone levels
most common such diseases is the corpus luteum cyst of hormone luteum cyst - when hormonal changes , which is formed in the second half of the menstrual cycleor during pregnancy.Such cysts can cause menstrual disorders, for example, the emergence of inter-menstrual bleeding, which in turn can cause severe iron deficiency anemia.Danger cysts and corpus luteum that may come its rupture or torsion of the legs.Therefore, if the cyst does not go on their own, then it is removed.
reason for increase of progesterone in the blood can be a malignant tumor, for example, horionepitelioma, which developed on the site of an ovarian pregnancy.They can also produce progesterone lipidokletochnye ovarian tumors.
Another reason for the increase in the blood of women progesterone - molar pregnancy.This disease, which is based on abnormal development of the ovum, leading to his death and grozdevidnomu widening of fetal membrane.Moreover, the body produces a large amount of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which stimulates progesterone secretion by the ovaries.This leads to ovarian hormone producing tekalyuteinovyh cysts.After removal of hydatidiform mole, these cysts regress.
reason for increase of progesterone levels in women may also be diseases and tumors of the adrenal glands.Furthermore, in chronic renal failure can be disrupted progesterone excretion from the body, leading to an increase in its concentration in the blood.
Thus, the appearance in the blood of women increased amount of progesterone is not associated with physiological processes is a serious sign.For the diagnosis of such a woman must be thoroughly examined.
Diseases men, which can lead to an increase in progesterone levels
The body of men progesterone produced the seminal vesicles located in the testes.Tumors of the testes may produce progesterone in large quantities.
Also, in men, progesterone is produced by the adrenal cortex, which also may develop benign and malignant hormone producing tumor.Men may be congenital hyperplasia hyperplasia - do not be afraid (overgrowth of tissue) of the adrenal glands, in which also produced an increased amount of progesterone.Kidney violation of their functions may be the cause of the delay of progesterone in the body, which will be reflected in the increase of its concentration in the blood.Therefore, an increase in the blood of men progesterone should be the reason for the survey.
progesterone - a hormone that the body needs for a woman, so that she could conceive, carry and give birth to a child.But the persistent increase in its concentration in the blood of women and men can talk about serious illness.