Depression during pregnancy: an emotional crisis
Ironically, but not all pregnant women waiting period for a child is one of the happiest periods in my life.Some women faced with such a state, as depression during pregnancy.Women are more prone to depression than men, and pregnancy is no exception.Although the percentage of pregnancy depression is seen more often than during it.Despite the milder course of depression in the antenatal period, its consequences and complications are often difficult and dangerous.It becomes clear that depression during pregnancy must be combated.
What is depression
Depression (from Latin - the suppression) - a disease expressed a serious mental condition that leads to severe mental suffering.Pregnant women are prone to mood swings Mood swings in women - bad character or a disease? , but depression depressed mood persists for a long time, which only exacerbates the disease.In the mechanism of depression during labor plays a major role state of mind close connection with the work of the women of the neuroendocrine system.That is, the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy is of great importance in the development of depression.
of depression during pregnancy contribute to the following risk factors:
- existing depression before pregnancy (especially the unfavorable treatment of depression is considered to be interrupted over the pregnancy occurred);
- presence of depressive disorders in the immediate family (parents, grandparents, brothers and sisters);
- unwanted pregnancy (unborn child perceived burden and a hindrance).
The cause of depression during pregnancy can be anything.Conventionally, the causes are divided into biological and psychosocial.Biological causes of depression associated with the reorganization of an organism, a change in the work of the neuroendocrine system, internal organs and hormonal status.
socio-psychological reasons include stress, conflicts in the family and at work, death of a loved one, disappointment, divorce and so on.An important role in the occurrence of depression during pregnancy is given the changes in the appearance of women, distorted perception of themselves, others and the world ("nobody loves me", "I did not manage to," "everyone should obey only my desires").
The main features of depression include negative emotional state and the loss of the ability to enjoy life and have fun on any details.The severity of depression can vary from hatred of her husband to the unwillingness to live.The woman is constantly in a state of anxiety, depression and sadness.Constant anxiety exhausting it disrupts sleep, leading to insomnia and lethargy, both physically and emotionally.Also, pregnant women who are depressed are prone to tearfulness, irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood and sudden aggression.It becomes hard to concentrate on the job, there is a tremor of hands, headaches that eventually becomes chronic fatigue.Appetite changes, usually disappears, but it is possible and its gain.No desire to engage themselves with their appearance.Pregnant turns into sloppy and untidy woman.Often, on the background of depressed future mothers start to get involved in alcohol, tobacco, drugs.Over time, it flows into the depression stage of apathy and "doing nothing."
treatment of depression, especially during pregnancy, a difficult lesson.Invaluable assistance in the fight against the disease can have a family.Constant attention and care, neglect and not poddakivanie irrational reasoning makes it easier for pregnant doctor in the fight against depression.
have a positive effect hypnosis Hypnosis - the ability godsend , group or individual sessions with a therapist, in some cases, electroconvulsive therapy is appointed.Of drugs used antidepressants (amitriptyline, Anafranil, Zoloft Zoloft - gentle but effective antidepressant , fluoxetine, etc.).But the prescription of antidepressants in the first trimester of pregnancy is contraindicated (teratogenic effects).