How to recognize an abnormal vaginal discharge: what to look for
Vaginal discharge is needed to cleanse the vagina and the maintenance of normal microflora.But changes in the nature and quantity may indicate an infection or serious illness.
For most women, the nature of vaginal discharge is an important feature that allows you to quickly identify health problems and to seek medical help.But how do you know whether the normal discharge, or not?Normal mucus discharge are generated in the cervix, they are transparent, not abundant and have no smell.
vaginal discharge and menstrual cycle
After puberty, before the first menstruation, the girl raises the level estroge¬nov and appear allocation of vlagali¬scha that may continue for years after the first neskol¬kih menstruation.By this time, menstruation becomes regular.
In the first phase of the menstrual cycle and during ovulation (approximately fourteen days of the menstrual cycle) mucus released from the cervix (cervical fluid) becomes more abundant and vodya¬nistoy (and may even form a thin white threads) that facilitate advancement of spermatozoato the egg.Thus, the yield of mature egg from the ovary in the middle of the menstrual cycle, stimulates the production of enhanced vaginal discharge.According to doctors, in this period vaginal discharge may increase to thirty times;copious - a sign of ovulation.
In the second phase of the menstrual cycle, progesterone because their number is reduced, they become more viscous, thick and opaque to prevent sperm from entering the cervical canal.After completion of the menstrual cycle is repeated all over again.A woman can not affect the nature and amount of bleeding caused by the menstrual cycle, and it is not necessary, because in this way the body is cleansed of bacteria.
Vaginal discharge during pregnancy
These natural selection (whites) continue after pregnancy, but their nature and amount of change.In the first twelve weeks of pregnancy, the uterus work is regulated by progesterone.In the second trimester blood reappears large amounts of estrogen, discharge becomes greater, and they - more liquid.Normal discharge during pregnancy Discharge during pregnancy - should not be afraid - clear or whitish color, odorless.They usually do not cause irritation, but to reduce the possible discomfort women are advised to use special sanitary pads (tampons can not be used to avoid getting an infection in the genital tract).
just a few weeks before the birth the amount of bleeding is increased even more, and their texture becomes thick and dense.It departs mucous plug covering the entrance to the cervical canal, opening the birth canal.During this period, it is also possible a small selection of amniotic fluid.Its selection can occur at the same time, or in part, as well as accompanied by bloody impurities, but nothing to worry about here.In addition, in the third trimester of pregnancy may rupture of membranes, that is the beginning of a regular labor.If bladder rupture occurred near the cervical canal, it is released at the same time, otherwise depart gradually amniotic fluid.
Abnormal vaginal discharge
should be wary if during pregnancy release suddenly change color or become unpleasant smell.Such separation can be a sign of infection or disease.The most common of these is the thrush (candidiasis), while from the genital tract stands white curdled mass of sour smell.In addition, the woman feels itching in the genital area, which is worse at night, after showering or sexual contact.Most prevalence among pregnant thrush due to lower immunity against the background of hormonal changes.Currently, developed special products that allow to treat candidiasis in the future without harm to the mother of the child.
addition candidiasis against the lowered immunity often manifest themselves and other diseases, sexually transmitted infections, such as trichomoniasis and gonorrhea Gonorrhea - self-ruled .In this case, discharge from the genital tract gets an unpleasant smell and a yellowish, greenish or grayish hue.Treatment of thrush and genital infections is generally carried out in the second half of pregnancy, using a prescription vaginal suppositories vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation .Keep in mind that the examination and therapeutic course and must pass a sexual partner a woman.During treatment should refrain from sexual intercourse.
Bacterial vaginosis appear watery watery discharge: signs of norms and diseases with an unpleasant odor.This infection is also linked to the balance and activity of microorganisms in the vagina.The disease increases the risk of preterm birth and the onset of symptoms should be treated as soon as possible.Bacterial vaginosis is treated with antimicrobials and antibiotics.
nature of discharge in pregnant women may change under the influence of external factors, or an allergic reaction, in which case they become transparent and more abundant.Symptoms: itching, irritation, discharge - may be a reaction to toiletries, to uncomfortable clothing that cause sweating, or excessive sexual activity.To return to normal is enough to eliminate the impact of the stimulus.
To prevent abnormal discharge from the vagina, doctors recommend personal hygiene, keep the genitals clean and dry, do not use perfumed means for intimate hygiene (soap, shower gel) does not engage in unprotected sex, especially with untested partners, and wear loosecotton underwear.