Skin changes during pregnancy - natural state
During pregnancy a woman's body goes through many changes, and, above all, such changes affect the skin condition.Stretch marks, skin discoloration, redness of the skin - all these signs of pregnancy are considered to be a very common phenomenon, and absolutely natural.
Stretch Stretch - one of the most talked about the consequences of pregnancy in terms of the condition of the skin.Characteristic signs of stretch marks - a distinct pink or red stripes on the skin of the abdomen or chest - there are ninety percent of all women during pregnancy.Fortunately, the appearance of stretch marks on the skin can be prevented, for example, applied to the skin cream or lotion with vitamin E and alpha-hydroxy acids, do not forget the constant moisture of the skin (hydrated skin elasticity and tensile causes her much less damage), physical exercise Mythsof exercise: do not believe .After birth, stretch marks often disappear or become almost invisible.
melasma, or the "mask of pregnancy»
melasma, chloasma, "mask of pregnancy" - in pigmentation disorders, very often observed during pregnancy, a lot of names.The unofficial name "mask of pregnancy" this type of hyperpigmentation Hyperpigmentation : Causes and Treatment skin was because most of the dark spots (hyperpigmented areas of the skin) are located in the forehead and cheeks.Such a violation is associated with changes in the level of hormones in a woman's body during pregnancy, and there is very often - according to statistics, about fifty percent of all cases.To prevent hyperpigmentation of the skin, it is necessary to use sunscreen cosmetics - during pregnancy skin is especially sensitive to UV light stimulates pigmentation.
Almost all skin changes that can be observed during pregnancy are associated with the fluctuations in hormone levels, and increased greasiness of the skin - is no exception.Even before pregnancy, the skin was absolutely normal or even dry, during pregnancy it can become fat - this is due to the fact that elevated levels of hormones stimulates the activity of the sebaceous glands, which begin to produce more sebum.The only thing that can be done in this case - to change the means for skin care cosmetics, designed specifically for oily skin.After pregnancy, the skin in most cases returns to normal.
Acne and acne
acne and acne - one of the most unpleasant consequences of fluctuations in hormone levels during pregnancy.Even for normal skin during pregnancy is characteristic of acne, and if the skin is initially oily, acne-prone appearance, pregnancy can greatly exacerbate this problem.This is due, as well as increased oiliness of the skin, with increased activity of the sebaceous glands caused by hormonal changes.Fortunately, to prevent most of these skin problems most common skin problems and their solutions can, with a little more time for skin care: do not abuse the washing and exfoliation (skin drying soaps and too frequent use of scrubs and irritate the skinstimulate the activity of the sebaceous glands), choose podsushivayuschee, pores cosmetics are not oil-based.For the treatment of acne Treatment of acne - not advisable to squeeze there are special ointment for external use - but before their use is best to consult a dermatologist.
characteristic feature of varicose veins - swollen, lumpy, clearly visible under the skin, bluish or purple veins in the legs, appearance is often accompanied by pain.Varicose veins - quite common during pregnancy.To alleviate the symptoms or prevent the appearance of varicose veins, you need to follow a few simple rules:
- Try not to stand on their feet for long periods of time, often
- rest as much as possible move to the blood circulation is not compromised
- During the rest sitting or lying liftfeet - such a posture will cause the outflow of blood from the extremities
- Include in the diet of fruit and drinks rich in vitamin C - it helps maintain the health and elasticity of veins
- Watch your weight
Vascular "Stars "or" webs "- clearly visible under the skin mesh-like small blood vessels.The advent of vascular "stars" due to changes in blood circulation during pregnancy - they are usually clearly visible on the face, neck, chest, hands.Any discomfort vascular "stars" are not accompanied by, and after birth, usually disappear on their own, without requiring specific treatment.In a pinch, you can get rid of them with the help of laser treatment.
dry itchy skin stomach
With the increase in size of the abdomen during pregnancy abdominal skin is stretched, resulting in skin dryness and discomfort of itching.In some cases, dry, itchy skin of the abdomen can be a sign of quite a dangerous condition - cholestasis of the liver, which is observed, according to statistics, one out of fifty cases of pregnancy.In such cases, dry skin and itching accompanied by nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes).To ease the itching and unpleasant dryness of the skin of the abdomen, you can use bold moisturizer or lotion - or else special sedatives such as calamine lotion.
dark line on the abdomen (Linea nigra)
Linea nigra - a characteristic symptom of pregnancy, a dark band on the skin, starting at the navel and descends to the pubis.Typically, due to hormonal changes such line becomes noticeable on the fourth or fifth month of pregnancy and disappears after pregnancy, or becomes almost invisible.Prevent its occurrence is impossible.
darkening of freckles, moles, certain parts of the skin
Increase in hormone levels during pregnancy often leads to changes in pigmentation of the skin: moles and freckles may become darker, the skin may appear separate darkened areas.To prevent such changes in skin pigmentation can not but regard them as a cause for concern is not necessary.Only if the mole is not only darkened and changed shape or size become larger, it is better to consult a doctor.