Tachycardia in pregnancy: to follow the work of the heart
If tachycardia during pregnancy due to natural causes, such as physical overexertion or excitement, this is normal.However, some causes of tachycardia during pregnancy require medical intervention.
Pregnancy entails many physical and hormonal changes in a woman's body, which increases the workload on the heart.This formation of the placenta, and weight gain, and creating a network of new blood vessels, uterus and fetal growth, and the like.In addition, the heart of a pregnant woman have to work not only on her but on the child.The additional load on the heart can lead to an increase in heart rate.Heart rate in pregnant women could increase by 10-20 beats per minute.Palpitations during pregnancy - a fairly common phenomenon, especially in the third trimester.It was found that, starting from the sixth month of pregnancy, the rhythm of the heartbeat of women increases by 15-20 beats per minute.If a woman is diagnosed paroxysmal tachycardia, the heart rate can reach 220 beats per minute.
What tachycardia during pregnancy
If a pregnant woman a rapid heart rate, or pulse, compared to normal for her age, pulse frequency, it is diagnosed tachycardia.About tachycardia during pregnancy is said, if the heart rate exceeds 100 beats per minute.There are sinus tachycardia (hearth rhythm is the sinus node, the natural pacemaker) and non-sinus tachycardia.Sinus tachycardia can be physiological (related to the physical, psychological and emotional stress), noncardiac (occurs in fever, hyper, hypotension, hypoglycemia, chronic foci of infection, acute diseases, with an overdose of certain drugs) cardiac, ie arising from the primary lesionheart.Non-sinus tachycardia may be supraventricular or supraventricular (source rhythm is the top of the heart) and ventricular (source are lower rhythm of the heart).Gestational supraventricular tachycardia is not dangerous for the mother and child.
When rapid heart beat a pregnant woman may experience palpitations, chest pain Chest pain: one symptom - a lot of diseases .Her shortness of breath, dizziness or headache, fatigue, exercise intolerance, fainting and numbness of body parts (in severe cases).Sinus tachycardia can be accompanied by a number of minor symptoms such as dizziness, weakness, and general anxiety.Sinus tachycardia is fairly common during pregnancy, especially prone to her anemic women.
Reasons for developing tachycardia during pregnancy is different and not fully understood.The main one is the high content in the body of a pregnant woman's hormones, heart rate quickens.Development of tachycardia during pregnancy contribute to:
- allergy prenatal vitamins;
- overdose of vitamins for pregnant prenatal vitamins - the validity of the appointment ;
- pulmonary embolism or the presence of blood clots in the lung;
- thyroid dysfunction;
- Ectopic pregnancy;
- Pulmonary infection;
- anxiety and stress;
- Acute insufficiency of the adrenal cortex;
- amniotic fluid embolism;
- obstetric hemorrhage;
- Severe blood loss;
- Placental abruption;
- Uterine rupture;
- Side effects of medicines and drugs;
- serious injury;
- Heart disease, including myocardial infarction, or violation of blood flow to parts of the heart.
are the following signs and symptoms of tachycardia during pregnancy:
- chest pain;
- Numbness of body parts;
- Heart palpitations;
to treat tachycardia during pregnancy is needed as much information about how and where the first occurred tachycardia, and how quickly it spread.It is necessary to control the increase in weight, to avoid obesity.Excessive weight gain during pregnancy can cause tachycardia.Pregnant women should avoid substances that stimulate heart activity, such as caffeine, tobacco, alcohol and drugs.If tachycardia is caused by disease of the heart or lungs, it should be treated immediately.To do this as soon as possible, seek medical help.
Treatment of sinus tachycardia may include receiving beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers and antiarrhythmic drugs.Beta-blockers to control the effects of adrenaline sinus node, and calcium channel blockers and antiarrhythmic drugs control the generation of electrical impulses sinus node.Amiodarone - antiarrhythmic drug, which can cause significant fetal abnormalities, so keep in mind that taking medication for tachycardia without a prescription should not be pregnant.
Mild tachycardia during pregnancy is considered normal, as the mother's heart has to work harder to provide more blood flow to the uterus.This tachycardia Tachycardia - the body to the limit? should not be cause for panic.Complete rest, drinking a lot of water and other liquids useful to maintain the water balance of the body will help the heart to cope with an increase in heart rate.Stress reduction techniques and relaxation, such as yoga or meditation can help relieve stress and anxiety.If you are healthy, the symptoms of tachycardia Symptoms of tachycardia: timely detection not too anxious and do not cause significant discomfort, do not worry - with the passage of time will pass tachycardia without medical intervention and heart rate return to normal.