Ectopic pregnancy involves the attachment of a fertilized egg in the fallopian tube cavity rather than in the uterus - is a complication of pregnancy can be caused by congenital or acquired defects of the fallopian tube, deformation or scarring after surgery on the pelvic organs.Ectopic pregnancy in the absence of proper early treatment leads to rupture of the fallopian tube, and internal bleeding, threatening the health and lives of women.To stabilize the condition of the pregnant woman and the removal of ectopic pregnancy performed a special procedure - laparoscopy.
main purpose of laparoscopy in the ectopic pregnancy - stop internal bleeding and removal of ectopic pregnancy.Ideally, laparoscopy allows you to remove only a portion of the fallopian tube with a fetal egg, although in severe cases may require partial or complete removal of the tube.The earlier an ectopic pregnancy is determined and performed a laparoscopy, the better the chances to save the fallopian tube.
Laparoscopy is used to
advantages of laparoscopy
Laparoscopy ectopic pregnancy helps keep the reproductive organs, and in some cases may even save the life of a pregnant woman.In laparoscopy Laparoscopy - why is it necessary? has several key advantages over open surgery:
- laparoscopy to diagnose ectopic pregnancy and to determine the exact location of the ovum
- Laparoscopy does not cause blood loss and therefore transfusion is not required - as opposed to open surgery
- Laparoscopy is much less painful
- recovery period after laparoscopy is much shorter in some cases, hospitalization is required at all
- Chance normal pregnancy after laparoscopy higher - about seventy percent, while after open surgery the chance to get pregnant again is about fifty percent
- Chanceectopic pregnancy in the future and following the order of fifteen percent (in the case of open surgery - an average of twenty-five percent)
If ectopic pregnancy Ectopic pregnancy - Fatal dangerous diagnosed in the early stages, the alternative to a laparoscopy may be drug therapy - injections of methotrexate, preventing further development of the embryo.Ovum dies, and there is no need for surgery.
If necessary, surgery can be an alternative to laparoscopy, open surgery - laparotomy, running in cases where a laparoscopy is impossible (for example, because of heavy internal bleeding caused by rupture of the fallopian tube).
If the pregnancy test shows pregnancy, but ultrasound does not allow to confirm the presence of the embryo in the uterus, ectopic pregnancy is confirmed.When confirmed or suspected ectopic pregnancy, especially in the early stages, laparoscopy is often the best method of treatment.
In some cases, ultrasound can not determine, whether the pregnancy proceeds normally, or ovum develops in the fallopian tube.In such cases also helps laparoscopy - with normal development of the embryo in the uterus, this procedure does not harm the health of the mother and fetus even if a general anesthetic.
Laparoscopy ectopic pregnancy usually does not require hospitalization, although the specifics of the procedure and the duration of the recovery period depends on the individual circumstances of the pregnant woman.In preparation for laparoscopy in the navel done small incision through which the abdominal cavity entered a special tube (trocar) and a laparoscope, the camera image is transmitted to the screen for the study.
chances of any complications after the procedure laparoscopy is minimal.The most common problems that may occur after laparoscopic ectopic pregnancy - infection, bleeding, nerve damage, allergic reaction Allergic reactions: how to understand why you tickle in the throat of drugs for anesthesia.