- Ovarian cyst: causes, treatment and possible complications
- Types and treatment
Ovarian cysts - is the production of various sizes, often filled with fluid that appear in or onthe surface of the ovaries.Ovaries - paired organ.Each ovary the size and shape of a walnut and is located on one side of the uterus.The ovaries are developing and maturing egg, and every month during the reproductive-age women, one of them enters the uterus.
ovarian cysts are formed in many women throughout their lives.They usually cause little or no discomfort is felt.The majority of cysts require no treatment - a few months after the appearance they dissolve.
However, some cysts, especially those that are torn, sometimes have severe symptoms.The best and the first way to protect health has always been aware: you must know what kinds of cysts, there are some indications of their occurrence, in time to see a doctor.Another indispensable way to keep your health - have regular gynecological examinations, without
To determine the presence of cysts, can not rely on symptoms - most likely, they simply will not.And if they are, then they can be easily confused with symptoms of other diseases and disorders, such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammation, ectopic pregnancy or ovarian cancer.Even the symptoms of appendicitis and diverticulitis are similar to the pain resulting from the rupture of an ovarian cyst gap ovarian cysts - requires emergency surgery .
Nevertheless, it is important to notice possible symptoms and in general any changes occurring in the body.Thus, the presence of ovarian cysts can indicate:
- irregular periods
- pelvic pain - constant or intermittent aching, dull pain, which is sometimes given in the lower back and hips
- Pain in the lower abdomen before menstruation and beforetheir end (though it happens during menstruation and perfectly healthy women)
- Pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
- Pain during defecation, associated with the pressure on the intestines
- Nausea, vomiting
- feeling of pressure or heaviness in the abdomen
- feeling of pressure on the bladder or rectum;it is difficult to completely empty the bladder
When you need to see a doctor
Emergency medical care is needed for the following symptoms and sensations:
- Sudden, sharp pain in the lower abdomen
- pain accompanied by vomiting and fever
Thesesymptoms as well as signs of shock - cold sweats, palpitations, uneven breathing, means that the state is potentially dangerous and need to call an ambulance.
Normally, structures similar to the follicles are formed in the ovaries each month - they are called follicles.Follicles produce the hormones estrogen Estrogen - the key to healthy bones and progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology , and release the egg during ovulation.
Sometimes normal follicle does not release an egg, it continues to grow and becomes what is called a functional cyst.Functional - because it began to grow, performing the normal function of the menstrual cycle.Functional cysts are of two types:
- follicular cysts
Around the middle of the menstrual cycle, the pituitary gland released into the blood luteinizing hormone (LH).Increased LH follicles understood as a command to release the egg.When everything goes right, toiling follicle, the egg is released and sent to the fallopian tube into the uterus, where it can be fertilized by sperm.
Education follicular cyst begins when the LH surge that for some reason does not occur.The follicle does not release an egg, and it becomes a cyst.Typically, these cysts are harmless, rarely have the painful symptoms and the majority of cases disappear on their own within two or three menstrual cycles.
- luteum cyst
If the signal is in the form of increased levels of LH from the pituitary gland is supplied as usual, and the egg is released, torn follicle begins producing large quantities of estrogen and progesterone that the body was prepared for the possibility of conception.This follicle becomes a temporary gland, which is called the corpus luteum.This happens when all goes well.But sometimes a hole through which came the egg, is closed and the liquid, which would have to go outside, begins to accumulate inside the former follicle, becoming a corpus luteum cyst.
This cyst is also in most cases disappears after a few weeks, but can grow up to ten centimeters (and sometimes more) in diameter, and in rare cases - full of blood and cause what is called a looping cysts.Filled with blood cyst can overstrain and cause internal bleeding and a sudden sharp pain.Clomiphene citrate, which is used to stimulate ovulation, increases the risk of the corpus luteum cyst.These cysts do not prevent you from getting pregnant and in most cases not dangerous during pregnancy.
Most ovarian cysts Ovarian cysts - normal or dangerous? can cause discomfort in the lower abdomen.If it presses on the bladder, may become more frequent urge to urinate, because the capacity of the bladder is reduced due to pressure.
Some varieties of cysts are less common than functional;They also usually have no symptoms and can be accidentally detected during a medical examination.Cysts in the ovaries of postmenopausal women may be malignant.Therefore, experts in the field of women's health never tire of repeating how important regular surveys.