If you have an ovarian cyst - what to do?
ovarian cyst - a cavity, usually filled with a liquid that is inside the ovary.There are many types of ovarian cysts Varieties of ovarian cysts: detection and treatment , and they are very common gynecological problem.
Women cysts are concerned because of concerns before ovarian cancer.However, please know that most ovarian cysts are benign.Cysts requires cure if they do not disappear in a short time - the rare, but nevertheless, it happens that some of them are cancerous.Sometimes cysts are causing discomfort, but most patients do not feel them, but they are detected during a routine inspection at the gynecologist.Since most of them goes away, usually the appearance of cysts - not a cause for concern.
The cause of ovarian cysts
most frequent functional cysts, which occur when forming around the egg fluid accumulates.A small amount of fluid collects around each woman's egg during ovulation.The egg, the cells that produce the fluid and the fluid itself constitute follicle size of a pea.Not yet established the exact reasons why some cells surrounding the egg produce too much fluid.If as a result of the follicles is greatly increased, say about education follicular cysts.If the fluid continues to accumulate, the ovary is stretched and the surface, usually white, takes on a bluish-gray.Sometimes follicular cysts reach ten centimeters in diameter, but even the largest of them, as a rule, pass through one or two months.
Normally, when the time of ovulation Ovulation - how to determine as accurately as possible? toiling follicle to release the egg, which is on the fallopian tubes into the uterus falls.Within a few hours from the remnants of the follicle forms the corpus luteum - it produces progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology estrogen Estrogen - the key to healthy bones , hormones that prepare the uterus for implantation of a fertilized egg.Sometimes the cells of the corpus luteum produce liquid that is inside the body - because the cyst is formed.Corpus luteum cyst usually goes too quickly and without consequences to health.Follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts are functional cysts.
What does the US?
Vaginal ultrasound provides the most accurate portrayal of ovarian cysts.The sensor is introduced through the vagina, which allows the doctor to see the organs inside.This procedure is painless, harmless and very informative.With it you can set the type of existing cysts.Ultrasound allows us to understand whether inside the cyst fluid or dense tissue, but to distinguish benign from malignant at such inspection is impossible.Dense cysts usually removed, because they are more likely cancerous.
Laparoscopy in the treatment of ovarian cysts
Today, there are tools that allow you to remove the cyst through a small abdominal incision.The recovery period after such a procedure is quite brief.With laparoscopy can remove a cyst or the entire ovary.
Spaying called tsisteektomiya - a procedure in which a cyst removed from the ovary about how the clam from its shell.Ovarian tissue incision, gently withdrawn to open the cyst, and then use the suction device is removed from the cyst fluid.Now the cyst is like a balloon blown out, and it can easily be removed through a small incision.If the cyst has destroyed much of the healthy tissue of the ovary, it may be necessary to remove the entire ovary.
distinct advantage of laparoscopy is that you can go home the day of surgery, and a week or two will return to the normal rhythm of life.