White blood cells in the urine during pregnancy - risk to the unborn child
Urinalysis - standard procedures performed in early pregnancy to diagnose possible infections of the urinary tract that can cause pregnancy complications.An important aspect of this procedure - detecting the presence of leukocytes in urine.White blood cells in the urine during pregnancy may indicate the presence of any infections of the genitourinary system, requiring immediate treatment.
What is leukocytes?
leukocytes, or white blood cells - red blood cells, a protective function in the body.Due to its ability to penetrate blood vessel walls into the tissues and organs can absorb leukocytes pathogens of various kinds of infections, whether bacterial infection or fungal infection.In the process of the destruction of pathogens and white blood cells die excreted in the urine.Thus, the presence of leukocytes in urine - is one of the unmistakable signs of any infection.However, leukocytes in the urine during pregnancy are common even without confirmation of the disease, so an accurate diagnosis often used along with the determination of leukocytes in the urine, a urine additional nitrite, which also may indicate the development of an infection.
as measured by white blood cells in the urine during pregnancy?
presence and the number of leukocytes in urine is determined by standard urine testing for the presence of leukocyte esterase - decay product of white blood cells.The norm for women is considered to be no more than six of leukocytes in the field of view in the study of fluid samples under a microscope.However, pregnant women are often seen above normal, even when the presence of any infection or inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system is not confirmed.This is due to the body's own mechanism for restructuring the women during pregnancy - a large number of white blood cells accumulate in the lining of the uterus to protect the developing fetus in the uterus from possible infection.
In some cases, a urine sample for the presence of leukocyte esterase or determining the number of white blood cells in urine - the only way to diagnose diseases occurring without definite symptoms.For example, white blood cells in the urine leukocytes in urine - complications are inevitable during pregnancy may be the only sign of the so-called asymptomatic or latent, bacteriuria - a dangerous bacterial infection, occurring without distinct symptoms and could lead to the development of pyelonephritis, diseaseskidney.
main causes of
most common cause of white blood cells in the urine during pregnancy are common urinary tract infections andbladder - primarily acute or chronic cystitis Chronic cystitis: a correct diagnosis - the main .The indirect cause of this increase in the number of white blood cells in urine - pregnancy: during pregnancy increases the volume of the bladder, and muscle tone, on the contrary, is reduced due to the increasing weight of the child.Because of this, there is often incomplete emptying of the bladder, which becomes a medium for rapid bacteria growth.As a result of developing a bladder infection, which causes an increase in the number of white blood cells in the urine.
In the absence of proper treatment of bacterial infections of the urinary tract and bladder Urinary bladder - structure and function can lead to pyelonephritis pyelonephritis - renal - kidney infection, a much more serious disease, which is accompanied by a distinctacute symptoms, and is particularly dangerous during pregnancy.In some cases, pyelonephritis may even cause premature birth.
Finally, the white blood cells in the urine during pregnancy might be a sign of so-called latent or asymptomatic bacteriuria - a bacterial infection of the urinary tract, the development of which is not accompanied by any distinctive symptoms, which can be seen infection.Bacteriuria - a very dangerous disease for pregnant women: according to statistics, a bacterial infection increases the risk of miscarriage and premature birth in two or three times.In many ways it is possible to timely diagnosis of bacteriuria is recommended to review standards of urine at an early stage of pregnancy.