What is an ectopic pregnancy: a threat to women's health
ectopic or tubal pregnancy - a fairly common complication of pregnancy, occurring in one out of a hundred.While modern medicine in most cases, cure ectopic pregnancy medical methods without the need for surgery, ectopic pregnancy is still a threat to the health of the woman.Ectopic pregnancy, causing the rupture of the fallopian tube, is particularly dangerous and requires emergency surgery.
Pregnancy: normal and ectopic
During ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible? , about once a month, mature egg leaves the ovary and into the uterine (fallopian tube), where it fertilizes the sperm (sperm can live in the fallopian tubes to five days after intercourse).The fertilized egg moves through the fallopian tube into the uterus, "cilia", carpeted hollow tube.During normal pregnancy the egg attaches to the uterine lining (endometrium), begins in the uterus and embryo development.In case of ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized egg attaches to the inner layer of the fallopian tube (this type of pregnancy is called tubal pregnancy).In very rare cases, there are other types of ectopic pregnancy - ovarian, in which the egg is attached to the ovary, and abdominal (egg attaches to the surrounding peritoneum).
consequences of ectopic pregnancy
ectopic pregnancy, in which the development of the embryo takes place outside the uterus, is never successful.Possible options include the occurrence of ectopic pregnancy:
- Self-termination of pregnancy.In half the cases of ectopic pregnancy is terminated spontaneously, without being accompanied by any symptoms - the woman may not even know what the pregnancy.Sometimes the termination of ectopic pregnancy is accompanied by slight pain and vaginal bleeding, as in abortion.In such cases, no additional treatment of an ectopic pregnancy is not required.
- fertilized egg growing in the fallopian tube, stretching it and causing the typical symptoms of ectopic pregnancy Ectopic Pregnancy - Symptoms .Usually at this stage it is diagnosed ectopic pregnancy.
- narrow tubular organ, the fallopian tubes, is not elastic, so the ectopic pregnancy Ectopic pregnancy - Fatal dangerous eventually leads to rupture of the fallopian tube.Break body may cause intense internal bleeding and severe pain.In such cases, immediate hospitalization.
ectopic pregnancy symptoms usually appear during the sixth week of pregnancy - that is, two weeks after the expected start of the next menstrual period.Generally symptoms of ectopic pregnancy can occur within four weeks after fertilization.In some cases, an ectopic pregnancy is difficult to notice - for example, if the menstrual cycle is irregular.Often the first symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy can be confused with symptoms of delayed menstrual period.Ectopic pregnancies are almost always causes pain in the abdomen (usually the left or right), which may become more acute with time, and vaginal bleeding, other than menstrual bleeding.
Characteristic symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy complicated by rupture of the fallopian tube, and internal bleeding - pain in the shoulder caused by irritation of the diaphragm hemorrhage, acute abdominal pain Acute abdominal pain , shock caused by internal bleeding.
To detect ectopic pregnancy carried out a number of analyzes.The first pregnancy is confirmed by analysis of urine for hormone human chorionic gonadotropin.Ectopic pregnancy is confirmed transvaginal ultrasound, which allows to determine the exact location of fruit eggs (the longer the duration of pregnancy, the better the results of the study).Furthermore, for the diagnosis or during treatment of an ectopic pregnancy can be applied to quantitative analysis of blood chorionic gonadotropin.