During pregnancy, a woman often goes through various surveys from the date of registration in the antenatal clinic and ending with delivery.The simplest and most commonly prescribed analysis is the analysis of urine.Urine expectant mother must take before each trip to the doctor.It would seem, why?Urinalysis is simple, but very informative and reveals many pathological conditions still at the preclinical level.The main indicators, which is important to monitor during pregnancy, are white blood cells and protein.The protein in the urine during pregnancy is not such a rare phenomenon and is considered the first "bell" with renal disease.
During pregnancy, all the organs and body systems are experiencing a double burden.This is especially true of the cardiovascular and urinary systems.The kidneys of a healthy person chased one hour about five to six liters of blood.It is necessary to cleanse the blood of toxins by various substances and degradation products.
in pregnant women increases the load
In addition, the growing fetus and increased uterus compresses the ureters and kidneys, thereby exacerbating the situation.
protein in the urine of pregnant
presence of protein in the urine is called proteinuria or albuminuria.Normally, protein in the urine protein in the urine - a sign of danger, which should not be underestimated absent, and in pregnant women may be the protein content in a single urine sample to 0, 002 g / l.
Exceeding this figure may indicate disease.But apart from isolated pathological proteinuria even false and physiological.Presence of protein in the urine may be due to a violation of rules for collecting urine or for personal hygiene (for example, when urine fall vaginal discharge).This is called a false proteinuria.Physiological proteinuria observed under the following conditions:
- consumption on the eve of passing urine belkovosoderzhaschih products (raw milk, raw eggs);
- increased physical activity (long walks on foot);
- stress, nervous exhaustion;
- profuse sweating;
- adoption of a cold bath or shower.
Pathological proteinuria in pregnant women can occur when: diseases of the urinary system (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, cystitis) and in the development of such pregnancy complications like preeclampsia.
Diseases pregnant proceeding with proteinuria
pyelonephritis - an inflammation of the kidneys inflammation of the kidneys - it is not necessary to suffer pain .Proceeds on the background high temperature (often up to 40 degrees), pain in the lumbar region and when urinating.In general, the analysis of urine in addition to the presence of a protein is determined by the increased number of white blood cells, red blood cells sometimes.Treatment of anti-inflammatory.
main feature of glomerulonephritis Glomerulonephritis - severe infection kidney , except for the presence of protein in the urine is hematuria (increased red blood cells in the urine).Urine patients are often painted in the color of meat slops.There may renal pain and fever.Treatment depends on the type of disease.
Preeclampsia Preeclampsia, or nephropathy - a multi-organ disease of pregnancy that develops after twenty weeks.The severity of preeclampsia determined gestation (the sooner arose, the harder) and the severity of symptoms.When nephropathy observed triad of symptoms: the presence of protein in the urine, swelling and high blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing? .Preeclampsia - a serious complication of pregnancy, the most severe manifestation is a swelling of the brain, and seizures (eclampsia).If you have eclampsia is high probability of death is not only the fruit but also the mother.Pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia, has an adverse effect on the fetus.Violated the utero-placental blood flow, the fruit receives less nutrients and oxygen, which leads to the development of hypoxia and intrauterine growth of the baby.Treatment of preeclampsia is conducted in a hospital, with the appointment of medical protective regime, soothing and vascular funds.
Advice to pregnant women who have protein in the urine
- Upon detection of protein in the urine is necessary to repeat the analysis (may have been violated rules for collecting urine or container for urine was dirty).This re-determination of protein in urine should regularly, every one to three days repeat analysis to monitor an increase or decrease in the protein.
- every day, twice a day to control blood pressure.Monitor the state of health (occurrence of headaches, flickering flies in front of the eyes, nasal congestion, etc.).
- restrict salt in the diet and give up smoking, sharp, fried foods.
- daily control of the daily urine output (amount of alcohol consumed and discharged liquid).
- daily weight control.