Antihistamines for pregnant women: how are they dangerous?
pregnancy itself - quite a difficult period in the life of a woman, so a cold or allergy can significantly worsen the health of the expectant mother.During pregnancy, regularly taking any medicines, except in special cases, is not recommended - even if it is antihistamines, which are considered the safest drugs to combat the symptoms of allergic diseases.
cetirizine (brand name Zyrtec) - an antihistamine prescription.Cetirizine, according to the official classification of the safety of drugs during pregnancy, included in the category B - which means that, theoretically, it is safe for both mother and the developing fetus.In cetirizine, unlike the first generation antihistamines, no pronounced sedative effect, so it is suitable for the treatment of allergy symptoms even in pregnant women.Some of the possible side effects of cetirizine are dizziness, dry mouth, sore throat, cough, nausea, constipation and headache Headache: causes and complications .
Chlorpheniramine Chlorpheniramine - antihistamine, available on prescription and is sold under many different trade names.Like cetirizine, chlorpheniramine included in category B and a potentially safe for pregnant women.The main side effects of chlorpheniramine - drowsiness, dry mouth, slight dizziness and blurred vision, abdominal pain, constipation, decreased concentration and attention.
Fexofenadine (brand name Allegra), as well as other representatives of the group of antihistamines, available only by prescription, and according to the basic classification, included in the category C - a potential threat to the health of the developing fetus fexofenadine unknown.It is for this reason that fexofenadine during pregnancy often do not recommend taking.The main side effects of the drug - nausea, diarrhea, stomach upset, cramping, similar to menstrual pain, back pain and muscle aches.
Loratadine Loratadine - an antihistamine, which is available in some pharmacies without a prescription (one of the most common trade namesLoratadine - Claritin).Loratadine belongs to the category B - the antihistamine is considered one of the safest for pregnant women and the least likely cause drowsiness.Possible side effects of loratadine - dizziness, dry mouth, headache, nervousness, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms , diarrhea, nosebleeds, skin rashes.
Diphenhydramine Diphenhydramine (brand name Benadryl) is sold without a prescription, not only in pharmacies, but also in some superkarmetah.This drug belongs to a category B, it is potentially safe for the health of the pregnant woman and the fetus.The main possible side effects of diphenhydramine include drowsiness, headache, dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet , dry mouth, difficulty urinating.
Very few drugs are contraindicated during breast-feeding.Although, as you know, constitute drug passes into breast milk, it is almost always the number is so small that it can not damage the health of the newborn, and is less than one percent of the dose of the drug for an adult.However, during the period of breastfeeding is necessary to take the medication with caution.
opinions about antihistamines breastfeeding Breastfeeding: Breast - and no nails! rather contradictory - in particular, many believe that taking antihistamines during breastfeeding can reduce the amount of milk.Although this relationship is scientifically not proven during breastfeeding in the first few weeks after giving birth receive antihistamines better minimized.
careful in choosing
Even if as a result of regular intake of antihistamines, a decrease in milk supply, these changes are usually temporary - in this case it is better to consult a doctor about the drug or change the deadline.If you reduce the amount of milk was actually caused by antihistamines, after receiving the drug situation will normalize itself.
For nursing mothers medications short-term action rather than long-acting medications that increase the risk of accumulation of the drug components transmitted from the mother's milk in the body of the newborn.
antihistamines are considered safe even for pregnant women and mothers immediately after birth, very much so recommend the most appropriate treatment option antihistamines may only doctor.In addition, it must be remembered that in the case of drugs that are used nasally rather than orally, the risk of transmission of the ingredients of the drug to the mother's milk to the newborn much less.