Allergies in pregnancy: the main thing - caution
According to some reports, in modern times allergy affects about 50% of people.Those who suffered at least one allergic attack, knows what this unpleasant condition.The increase in patients suffering from allergy, due to the chronic stress, impaired environment, extensive use of cosmetics and household tools, the use of antibiotics without prescription, and more.Women with allergies are often afraid to become pregnant because of the constant use of allergy medications that are harmful to the fetus.But not all that bad, often an allergy during pregnancy does not occur practically.
Influence allergy pregnancy
During pregnancy, allergies can occur in three versions:
- pregnancy and allergies exist independently of each other (no effect on allergic reactions);
- positive effect of pregnancy on allergic reactions;
- aggravation of allergies against pregnancy.
mechanism of allergy during pregnancy
Pregnant women in large numbers are produced hormones such as cortisol and gonadotropin.Due to the disposal of allergy mediators - histamine, they have anti-allergic effect.Therefore, during pregnancy, if a woman was ill before allergy, allergic manifestations come to naught.Special attention is given asthma, it is quite rare, about 2% of pregnant women.Currently, asthma is not a contraindication to pregnancy, but doctors should be warned of the presence of the disease.Exacerbation of asthma is usually between 24 to 36 weeks.But the positive thing is to improve the course of the disease in the four weeks before delivery.
allergy during pregnancy
most often during pregnancy, women suffer from allergic rhinitis.This is evident in nasal congestion, shortness of breath and swelling of the mucous membrane.No less common allergic conjunctivitis, which manifests itself in tearing, photophobia, redness of the eyes Red eyes - an occasion consult an ophthalmologist , eyelid edema, itching and constriction of the optic fissure.Cutaneous manifestations (local urticaria) characterized by the formation of blisters, the edges of which are raised, and the center of Pale.Accompanied by severe itching.Severe allergy include angioedema and anaphylactic shock.Angioedema manifested swelling of the skin, subcutaneous fat and mucous membranes.Most often affects the lips, the scalp, forehead and eyelids.There may be a swelling of the digestive tract, joints and throat (difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath).Anaphylactic shock is characterized by a sharp drop in pressure, loss of consciousness, abdominal pain and edema of the larynx.Asthma manifests shortness of breath and difficulty breathing.Aggravation occurs in the case of contact with the allergen, with severe physical exertion or stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis .
What to do?
First of all, make sure that it is an allergy.Then consult an allergist and immunologist.Allergist when unidentified allergen holds special allergological samples (dust, animal dander, pollen, etc.).In addition, it should be possible to avoid contact with the allergen (for example, during the flowering period to go outside in the mask).It is recommended to ventilate the room, daily wet cleaning and once a week to vacuum carpets and upholstered furniture.Also, pregnant women must be observed hypoallergenic diet hypoallergenic diet - salvation for stomach .Products that are permitted for allergies: cereal, boiled lean poultry and meat, and fruits and vegetables non-toxic coloring (apples, cabbage, zucchini, squash, pears, cucumbers, etc.).It is forbidden to caviar, eggs, nuts, honey, chocolate, seafood, raspberries, strawberries, strawberry, black currant, citrus and spicy, fried and sweet foods.Furthermore, it should exclude smoking, both active and passive.Smoking during pregnancy causes fetal chronic hypoxia Chronic fetal hypoxia - serious consequences and intrauterine development.Pets during pregnancy does not start, or if any temporarily get rid of.